The impact of immigration, 1917–80: Flashcards Preview

Edexcel History A-Level (Paper 1, Option 1F: In search of the American Dream: the USA, c1917– 96)- Theme 3/ Society and culture in change, 1917–80 > The impact of immigration, 1917–80: > Flashcards

Flashcards in The impact of immigration, 1917–80: Deck (35)
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1

When did the Dillingham Commission make its report?

1911

2

What percentage of the US urban population was black between 1910 and 1920?

1.2% and 4.1%

3

The percentage of people who were foreign born or with foreign-born parents rose by how much between 1910 and 1920?

74% to 85%

4

How many Mexicans were deported during the Great Depression?

400,000

5

Which Immigration act passed in the 1910s introduced a list of 'undesirable' immigrants and imposed a literacy test for those aged 16 & over?

1917

6

What percentage of people from a particular country were allowed in to the US under the 1921 Emergency Quota Act?

3%

7

The Johnson-Reed Immigration Act was passed in which year? This act reduced the number of immigrants from a particular country to 2% of the current population of immigrants from that country?

1924

8

The National Origins Formula was passed in which year confirming what two pieces of legislation.

A cap of 150,000 immigrants and banned Asian immigrants all together

9

The number of people foreign born in New York, Chicago and Detriot rose by how much between 1920 and 1940?

3.206 million (9.294 million in 1910 to 12.5 million in 1940)

10

What were the three largest groups in Boston's 1920 foreign population?

Irish (24%), Canadian (17%), Italian (16%)

11

What were the three largest groups of the foreign population in New York in 1920?

Russian (24%), Italian (19%), Irish (10%)

12

Upon the US entering the war, what percentage of foreign born immigrants were Italian, German and Japanese?

Italian (14.2%), German (10.8%), and Japanese (less that 1%)

13

How many Japanese immigrants/ US Citizens were put into internment camps in the US after the US declared war?

120,000

14

Between 1959 and 1962, how many Cubans fled Cuba t the US?

200,000

15

What was the name of Kennedy's book that he wrote in 1958 regarding immigration?

'A Nation of Immigrants' (saying current immigration policies mocked the poem on the Statue of Liberty)

16

When did Johnson pass the law that Kennedy was working on before he died regarding making immigration quotas illegal?

1965

17

When Saigon fell in 1975, how many immigrants came from Vietnam?

130,000

18

By 1985, how many immigrants came from Communist states?

700,000

19

During the 1970s, how many Mexicans entered the country per year?

60,000

20

During the 1970s LA created 645,000 jobs. What proportion of these jobs were taken by Mexicans?

1/3

21

The Immigration and Naturalisation Service (INS) estimated how many immigrants were in the US, and how many were they deporting per year?

7,000,000 immigrants; 600,000 per year

22

The Alien Registration Act in 1940 introduced the 'green card' system. This gave people with a green card what right?

The right to work and live indefinitely (assuming they were legal immigrants)

23

In what year was the Displaced Persons Act passed which allowed for 415,000 immigrants over 4 years (within the quota limit)?

1948

24

What was an alternative name to the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952?

McCarran-Walter Act

25

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 allowed how many immigrants and how many Asian immigrants were allowed as a result of the act?

150,000 and 100,000

26

The 1953 Refugee Relief Act extended which act for 214,000 immigrants from Europe?

1948 Displaced Persons Act

27

When did Operation Wetback begin?

1954

28

The Refugee-Escapee Act was passed to cover people escaping from communist countries. In which year was this act passed?

1957

29

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 was also called the Hart-Celler Act. What was the legislation that was passed?

Abolished quotas and set a limit of 170,000 immigrants a year and for more Asian immigration

30

In which year was the Cuban Adjustment Act passed that gave citizenship to those leaving Cuba after 1959?

1966