Flashcards in The Liberal Reforms 1906 - 1914. Deck (21):
What Were the Social Reforms Aimed at Children?
1. Schools Meals Act 1906
2. School Medical Inspections 1907
3. Children's Act 1908
Describe the Schools Meal Act 1906
- Provided free hot meals to all children in schools
- Negative = Not all councils responded - many did
- Positive = Led to weight + health improvements
Describe the School Medical Inspections 1907
- Every child got a yearly medical check
- Negative = treatment needed payment until 1912
Describe the Children's Act 1908
- Gave children special status as a 'Protected Persons'
- Positive = Child abuse/neglect/insuring children became illegal
- Positive = Child courts + borstal were established.
What was the Social Reform Aimed at the Elderly?
Old Age Pension Act 1908
Describe the Old Age Pension Act 1908
- Offered to over 70s
- 5/ a week to single people
- 7/6d a week to married couples
Positive = removed threat of workhouse/being reliant on families
Negative = too many conditions:
1. Had to have lived in the country for the past 20 years
2. Head to have less than £31 per year to qualify
3. Could be refused to those who had 'not worked hard enough'
What Were the Social Reforms Aimed at Unemployed?
1. The Labor Exchanges Act 1909
2. National Insurance Act (pt2) 1912
Describe the Labor Exchange Act 1909
- Set up places for employers to advertise jobs + workers to find them
- Positive = 83 set up in 1910 alone
Describe the National Insurance Act (pt2) 1912?
- Aimed at aiding seasonal workers (e.g. shipbuilders)
- Positive = when unemployed those in the scheme could claim 7s a week for up to 15 weeks
What Was the Social Reform Aimed at the Sick?
- National Insurance Act 1911
Describe the National Insurance Act 1911
- Workers paid 4d a week to the scheme
- Employers paid 3d a week into the scheme
- Government paid 2d a week into the scheme
- Positive = when workers were ill they'd receive 10s a week for up to 26 weeks
- Positive = 5s disability if they couldn't retuen to work
How were the Liberal Reforms Financed?
- People's Budget 1909
Describe the People's Budget 1909
1. Increased taxes on the wealthy
2. Raised duties on tobacco + spirits
3. Introduced tax on profits from selling land
- House of Lords (largely Tory) refused to pass budget
- Caused a constitutional crisis which led to the curbing of the Lord's powers.
What Acts were Targeted at Improving the Life’s of the Employed?
1. The Workmen's Compensation Act 1906
2. The Coal Mines Act 1908
3. The Trade Boards 1909
4. The Shops Act 1911
What were the Strengths of the The Workmen's Compensation Act?
- All employees could now receive compensation for injuries/diseases sustained at work
What were the Strengths of the Coal Mines Act?
- Granted miners an 8 hour day
What were the Strengths of the Trade Boards Act 1909?
- Set up boards to negotiate minimum wage in box, lace, chainmaking, tailoring trades
- 200,000 workers involved
What were the Weaknesses of the Trade Boards Act 1909?
- No attempt made to define what a 'minimum wage' was
What were the Strengths of the Shops Act?
- Shop assistants granted a weekly half-day holiday
- Maximum working week of 60 hours set
- Washing facilities to be provided in every shop
What Act Aimed to Tackle Poverty?
1. Housing, Town Planning Act 1909