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Flashcards in the middle east vocab Deck (36)
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1

a Palestinian sunni organization supporting and engaging in resistance to Israel; has been designated as a terrorist organization

hamas

2

Israel's army or defensive force

IDF

3

a land locked region of palestinian territory bounded on the west north , and south by Israel and Jordan and the Dead sea to the east; it is the largest part of Palestine; has been controlled by the Israelis (which they captured as a result of the 1967 war)

West Bank

4

a mountanious plateau between Lebanon and Syria and Northern Israel; is under Israeli control (control in negotiation); depends on Israel for a bout 90% of its imports

golan heights

5

a rectangular coastal area on the mediterranean sea and adjoining israel and egypt; now under the control of the palestinian authority

Gaza strip

6

the palestinian liberation organization established in 1964 and dedicated to liberating all of palestine from jewish/ israeli control; often sponsored acts of violence

PLO

7

the islamic state of iraq and syria; was formed out of al qaeda in april 2013, it promotes a global jihad and the establishment of a caliphate. it is considered to be the most ruthless barbaric terrorist group in the middle east at this time

ISIS

8

the islamic state of iraq and the levant

ISIL

9

the muslic sect that beleiveds that the islamic relgious leader must be a person who is a direct descendant from the prophet mohammed

shia

10

the muslim sect that bleeives the islamic relgious should be the person who is most qualified for that position

sunni

11

an islamic state led by a supreme islamic religious and political leader known as a caliph; a sovereign state that is made up entierly of muslim faithful under sharia law

caliphate

12

a radical, violent terrorist organization that took shape largely under the leadership of osama bin laden; blames the problems of the middle east on the west and was responsible for 9/11

al QAEDA

13

the god the muslims worship

allah

14

a revolutionary wave of demonstration, protests, riots, and civil war in the Arab world that began in Dec 2010 and spread to many countries in the arab world. several heads of state were forced from power; others wrer threatened

arab spring

15

a shia islamic militant group and political party based in lebanon; its military wing is said to be more powerful than the lebanese army. it is backed by iran and syria

heazbollah

16

an ethnic group in the middle east and occupy a region which spans adjacent parts of Iran, Syria and Turkey. the largest faction of this group is in northern Iraq

kurds

17

free syrian army

FRS

18

established in 11993 as a result of the oslo accors; israel would agree to negotiate a withdrawal from the west bank and gaza if palestinians would give control to a democratically elected government

palestinian authority

19

founded in 1945 and consists of independent arab states; to promote interests of the arabs, protect independence and sovereignity, encourage closer relations between arab states

arab league

20

voluntary militias in arab states

fedayeen

21

means " a struggle" a reliigous duty of all muslims
to others it compels them to struggle against/ kill the infidels

jihad

22

a term cointed after the 9/11 attack on the U.S; has a broader application today refers to a struggle across the western democracies to protect themselves against terrorist attacks

war on terror

23

term referring to prejudicial attitudes, dislike, hatred for jews or people of jewish descent

anti semitic

24

a form of government in which a country is ruled by religious leaders; there is no separation of church and state

theocracy

25

organization of oil producing exporting countries created in 1960 to promote the economic interests (control the oil market and oil prices ) of its members

OPEC

26

an islamic organization founded in Egypt in 1928 and soon recognized as one advocating the use of violence
allah is our objective, quran is our constitution, the prophet is our leader, death for the sake of Allah is our wish

muslim brotherhood

27

a palestinian political party founded in the 1950s it is the largest faction of the palestinians but recently lost control of palestininan politics to an opposing party, hamas

fatah

28

a palestinain who was the chairman of the palestinian liberation organization, president of the palestinian national authoirty and leader of the fatah political party

yasser arafat

29

is presently serving as the president of state of palestine his term was supposed to have ended in 2009 but because of conflict there, he still holds his position, member of the fatah party

mahmoud abbas

30

became the prime ministser of Iraq after Saddam Hussein was overthrown in 2003. he was elected president by the iraqi people in the first democratic election

Maliki