The nature of Kingship in Medieval Times Flashcards Preview

The reigns of King Richard I and King John 1189-1216 > The nature of Kingship in Medieval Times > Flashcards

Flashcards in The nature of Kingship in Medieval Times Deck (8)
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What were the expectations of a king?

To be a strong ruler, to control his kingdom, to enforce justice and keep the kingdom safe from attack


What was the principle of primogeniture?

The eldest son inherits the title of the King from his father


How established was primogeniture by the 12th century?

Not followed, people were chosen to become king for other reason as well


What happened when a King was anointed with Holy Oils?

He took the title of Rex and was given divine authority. This meant his subjects could not question his authority


What was a King's duties?

He was a chief decision-maker, both foreign and domestic policy were decided by him. A King could not do exactly as he pleased though. During his ceremony in becoming king he had to pledge to keep the peace, protect his people and show fairness and mercy in his judgement


How was authority displaced?

The coronation, anointment with Holy Oils and and being crowned in front of the most important nobles and members of the clergy


What was the purpose of crown wearings?

He wore his crown in three different places at important times during the year. This encouraged loyalty to the king and reminders of his authority


What was the point of having 'itinerant' Kingship?

It helped him build relationships with his nobles by meeting with them and staying in their castles. It also helped ensure everyone knew he was the king