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Flashcards in The Odyssey Deck (33):
0

Author

Homer- a poet who traveled and told stories

1

Odyssey Genre

An extended narrative (poem) that recounts the actions, travels, an adventure of an epic hero. Written in high style (dactylic hexameter)

2

Epic Poem Characteristics (6)

1. Epic hero (larger then life, not necessarily flawed, strong, wise,noble, moral, brave, BUT HUMAN

2. Actions revolve strength of hero

3. Setting covers the entire known world.

4. Stories provide explanation of why things are the way they are.

5. Gods plays active role.

6. Many adventures that relate to the theme

3

Epic Conventions

1 starts with statement of theme
2 invocation of the muse
3 starts in media res (in middle of action)
4 epithets (short descriptive phrases that are put with characters name)
5. Journey to underworld
6. Catalogs (long lists)
7 epic simile (long simile with vivid images and details)

4

Odyssey theme

Nostos or homecoming

Pitfalls of temptation (Odysseus falls into temptation on his way home)

Power of cunning over strength

5

Motifs (reoccurring things)

Storytelling (Odysseus tells his story to many people)

Disguises (Odysseus is disguised a lot , like when he returns)

Hospitality/ Food- hospitality is supper important during this time!

6

Odysseus

The hero of the story, he travels back from the Trojan war and journeys home. He stops several times along the way. It takes him 10 years to return

7

Penelope

Odysseus faithful wife, she wait for his return home

8

Telemachus

Odysseus son, born shortly before Odysseus left for Troy approx, 20 years ago. He goes on a journey to find his father

9

Eurcyleia

Odysseus' old nurse

10

Argos

Odysseus' old dog

11

Laertes

Odysseus' old father who lives in the country

12

Eumaeus

Odysseus' loyal swine heard, he helps Odysseus return to his normal life

13

Philoeteus

A loyal cow heard of Odysseus

14

Antinous

One of the leading suitors, an arrogant young man from Ithaca

15

Helen

"Helen of Troy" the beautiful wife of king Menelaus. She elope with Trojan Prince Paris and caused the Trojan war

16

Menelaus

Helen's husband

17

Nester

The wise old king of Pylos, he a Trojan was hero. Welcomes Telemachus

18

Alcinous

King of Phaecia, Odysseus tells the king his story of travel

19

Nausicca

The beautiful young daughter of king Alcinous and queen Arête

20

Cyclops (Polyphemus)

A one-eyed giant who lives as a Shepard. He kills two of Odysseus men. Odysseus escapes by blinding the giant and hiding with the sheep. Son of Poseidon

21

Circe

The witch goddess who turns Odysseus's men into pigs lives in Aeaea

22

Teiresias

A blind profit from Thebes, Odysseus meets him in the Land of the Dead

23

Sirens

Sea nymphs who beautiful and mysterious music lures sailors to sail towards the rocks

24

Scylla

A female monster with 6 serpent heads, each with 3 rows if fangs

25

Charybdis

A female monster who sucks in water three times a day and forms a deadly whirlpool

26

Calypso

A beautiful young goddess who lives on OGYGIA. She keeps Odysseus for 7 years

27

Athena

Favorite daughter of Zeus, goddess of wisdom arts war and peace. She favored the Greeks

28

Hermes

The messenger god

29

Olympus

The mountain home of the gods

30

Poseidon

God of the sea, called "earth shaker" because he is believed to create earthquakes. The enemy of Odysseus

31

Zeus

The most powerful god

32

Quick summary

10. Years at Troy
10. Year journey home
Many stops and struggles along the way. He returns and kills all the suitors