Flashcards in The Rebellions of 1549 Deck (19):
When was the Western Rising?
6th June 1549
Who leads the Western Rising?
Sir Humphrey Arundell
What was the trigger causes of the Western Rising?
Removal of images
Book of Homilies and Paraphrase
New Prayer book/ the Act of Uniformity
What were the demands of the Western Rising?
Wanted the Six Articles to be used.
Mass (Church Services) in Latin.
Wanted Church to return back to Catholicism
What was the main base of the Western Rising?
Protesters assembled in Bodmin
Marched on to Devon.
Confrontation took place at Fenny Bridges, Clyst St Mary and Clyst Heath
Rebels pushed back every time
Estimated 3000 people killed
What was the Local Gentry reaction to the Western Rising?
Lost control of the counties.
Hellier was killed violently.
Sir Peter Carew, rode to fight against the rebellion (21th June) and only aggravated the problem as he was a Protestant.
What was the governments reaction to the Western Rising?
Firstly wanted to find a peaceful solution.
Somerset urged Lord Russell to find a solution and wrote a conciliatory response to rebel the demands.
Set fire to rebel defenses at Crediton.
How was the Western Rising suppressed?
16th August, Lord John Russell led an army of 8000 men against the rebels.
Wealthy citizens organized a continual guard, provided poor relief, sold firewood cheaply and distributed food cheaply-
What were the punishments after the Western Rising?
Government acted illegally to execute remaining rebels.
Execution without trial was common punishment for the rebels
When was the Ketts rebellion?
8th July 1549
Where did the Ketts rebellion take place?
Who led the Ketts rebellion?
What were the Ketts rebellions trigger causes?
Wanted process of changing to Protestantism to be quicker
What were the Ketts rebellions complaints?
Stopping of enclosure
Better educated and resident clergy.
What was the main base of the Ketts rebellion?
Unrest started as an enclosure in the Norfolk towns of Attleborough and Wymondham
Within a short space of time, Kett was able to gather a force of 16,000 men to march to Norwich and set up camp on Mousehold Heath.
Was then a massacre of rebels in Dussindale just outside of Norwich, due to the Earl of Warwick being sent there.
What was the Local Gentry reaction to the Ketts rebellion?
Size and speed of the rebellion overpowered the authorities
The gentry was relatively powerless due to the highly organised, well-established rebellion.
What was the Government reaction to the Ketts rebellion?
21st July Herald offered a full pardon to all of those who dispersed.
Kett refused. Herald ordered his swordbearer to arrest Kett, the atmosphere grew ugly and Herald was forced to retreat.
How was the Ketts rebellion suppressed?
Northampton, sent by Somerset to put Kett down, mishandled events and wasted time. He was defeated
26th August Kett decided to abandon their fortified position on the top of the Mousehold Heat
27th August Kett was arrested