The Solar System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Solar System Deck (26):
1

Planet

Any of the primary bodies that orbit the sun

2

Solar System

Is the sun and all the objects that orbit it

3

Satellite

Is an object in orbit around a body that has a large mass

4

Phase

A position of the Earth and the Moon

5

Eclipse

When the Earth and the sun and the Moon are in a straight line

6

Terrestrial Planet

A planet with rocks mountains valleys and rough surfaces

7

Hydrosphere

All of the water on the earths surface and clouds

8

Asteroid

A small rocky body in space

9

Gas giant

Farthest from the sun all have gas on the planet

10

Nebula

A cloud of dust made from hydrogen, helium and other gases

11

Star

Are huge spheres of very hot gases that emit light and other radiation

12

Light year

An for distance light travels

13

Red giant

The suns outer core temperature will rise and the sun becomes a red giant

14

White dwarf

A small very dense star about the size of Earth

15

Supernova

Huge bright explosion called Type 11

16

Black whole

Consist of matter so massive and compressed that nothing not even light can escape

17

Nebula

Dust cloud of gases like helium and hydrogen

18

Galaxy

Collection of millions of billions of stars

19

Cluster

Galaxy's bound together by gravity

20

Interstellar matter

Clouds of interstellar matter provide materials that allow new stars to form

21

Quasar

A quasi-stellar object, named for its starlike appearance

22

Superclusters

When billion of thousands of stars come together to form

23

Universe

All space mater and energy that exists

24

Red shift

Shifted toward the red end of the spectrum

25

Blue shift

When an object is approaching us the shift is toward shorter wavelength at the spectrum blue end

26

The Big Bang Theory

The universe began with gigantic explosions 10 billion to 20 Billion years old