The Weimar Republic 1918-29 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Weimar Republic 1918-29 Deck (53):
1

What does Revolution mean?

When a group of people strike back against trouble

2

Give 5 impacts of WW1

1). Industrial production was 2/3 of what it had been in 1913
2). 600,000 new widows and 2 million children without fathers
3). By 1925 the state was spending about 1/3 of its budget on war pensions
4). The stresses of war led to a revolution in October - November 1918
5). The Kaiser abdicated on the 9th of November 1918

3

Name of the Kaiser until 1918

Kaiser Wilhelm II

4

Define monarchy

A government of state ruled by a king or queen

5

Define Republic

A government in which elected representatives posses power

6

Define Constitution

The set of basic laws by which a nation, state or other Organization is governed

7

Describe the Weimar constitution’s parliament

President at top
The chancellor
Then Reichstag
Then German people
Also Article 48

8

How often is the President elected?

Every 7 years

9

What is Article 48?

Article 48 states that if in an emergency, the president could make laws without having to consult the reichstag first

10

How often is the Reichstag elected?

Every 4 years

11

What was the voting criteria for the German people in the Weimar Republic?

Only men and women over the age of 21 could vote

12

What was the name of Weimar Germany’s voting system?

PR (Proportional representation)

13

Give two pro’s of PR

1). You always get part of your own party
2). Everyone’s views are represented

14

Give two con’s of PR

1). Extremist parties are represented
2). Because there’s so many parties, it’s hard to work together due to contrasting views

15

Describe the Political Spectrum

Far left = Communism
Left = Socialists
Centre = Liberals
Right = Conservatives
Far right = Fascism

16

What does “Diktat” mean?

Dictated peace

17

Describe 3 military restrictions Germany faced because of the TOV (Treaty Of Versailles)

1). No Air Force
2). Their army was limited to 100,000 soldiers
3). Only 6 battleships

18

How much land did Germany loose?
Hint: its’s a percentage! ;)

13%

19

What year was the Treaty of Versailles (TOV)?

1919

20

Define the phrase “Stab in the back”

A powerful myth that the Army was “stabbed in the back” by weak politicians

21

Who were the two leaders of the Spartacists?

Karl Leibneckt and Rosa Luxemburg

22

On what day were the leaders of the Spartacist’s shot?

The 15th of January 1919

23

Define “Putsch”

An attempted over-throwing of the government

24

Who were the Freikorps?

A paramilitary group formed from de-mobilised soldiers at the end of WW1. sought to save Germany from Communism. Didn’t support the Weimar Republic.

25

When was The Kapp Putsch?

March 1920

26

Quickly describe the events of The Kapp Putsch

1). In march 1920, the Freikorps, led by Wolfgang Kapp, marched into Berlin and declared a new national government
2). Ebert’s government was forced to flee to Dresden
3). Due to a lack of support, the Putsch collapsed.

27

Who was the Freikorps led by?

Wolfgang Kapp

28

Who was the president during the Weimar Republic?

Ebert

29

Who was the worst affected during the HyperInflation?

The middle class

30

When did Hyperinflation begin?

1923

31

Give two examples of people who benefited from Hyperinflation

People with debts and Foreigners

32

Give two examples of people who suffered from Hyperinflation

Pensioners on a fixed pension and Workers who had lost their jobs

33

What years did the Golden age cover?

1924 - 1929

34

Give 3 examples of how the Weimar Government dealt with the crisis of 1923?

1). Streseman came into power
2). They introduced a new, temporary currency (ultimately a fixed one later aswell)
3). They kept the army on their side
4). America - via the Dawes plan - gave Germany money

35

What was the temporary currency called?

The Rentenmark

36

What was the later, permanant currency called?

The Reichsmark

37

When was The Dawes Plan agreed?

April 1924

38

When was the TOV signed?

June 1919

39

When did the French occupy the Ruhr?

1923

40

What was the Dawes Plan?

The Dawes plan was a treaty signed by Germany and America stating that America will give Germany loans to help pay the reparations

41

When was the Young Plan signed?

1929

42

When was the Kellogg-Briand Pact?

1928

43

When was the Locarno Pact?

1925

44

When did Germany join the League of Nations?

1926

45

When was the Wall Street Crash and how did it affect Germany?

1929 - it caused hyperinflation

46

Give 3 ways to show Society in the Golden age

Culture, Standard of living and Women

47

Under Standard of Living, by 1928, homelessness had been reduced by more than ............%

60%

48

From 1924 - 1931, there were more than ................. homes built

2 million

49

When was the Unemployment insurance Law passed?

1927

50

There were .............. women in the Reichstag by ..................

There were 32 women in the Reichstag by 1926

51

When was the Munich Putsch?

1923

52

Why was the Munich Putsch significant?

Because it made Hitler change his tactics from violence to democracy

53

How may seats did the Nazi gain in the election of 1928?

12 seats