Theatres - Pompeii - Large theatre and gladiatorial barracks Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Theatres - Pompeii - Large theatre and gladiatorial barracks Deck (26):
1

When was the large theatre provided?

2nd century BC

2

Was it introduced by the greeks or the romans?

Greeks (so it was pre-roman)

3

When was it rebuilt?

80 BC

4

Why was it rebuilt?

When the township became a Roman colony

5

What was the theatre beside?

The original greek forum

6

What was it built into?

A hillside

7

What was the original capacity?

3,000

8

How much capacity did the romans add?

2,000

9

What else did the Romans add?

Provision of new access at top and the removal of the gathering piazza outside to provide gladiatorial barracks

10

Why were gladiatorial barracks provided?

To support the new amphitheatre

11

What three sections is the theatre divided into to?

The cave, the orchestra and entrance on either side and the stage

12

What style does the theatre conform to?

Greek style

13

How high was the stage compared to the level of the orchestra?

1m above

14

Where did the spectators sit?

The cavea

15

Where does the cavea lie?

On the slope of the hill

16

What three semi-circular sections are the seats arranged in?

Ima cavea, media cavea and summa cavea

17

Who sat at the ima cavea?

Members of the city council, the decurions

18

What did the media cavea contain?

Twenty rows of marble seats arranged like steps

19

How was the upper section supported?

A vault over the corridor

20

What was the upper section called?

Summa cavea

21

How many rows of seats could the summa cavea contain?

No more than 4 rows

22

How big is the stage?

120 by 14 - long and narrow

23

How was it entered?

There were many entrances; one being from the triangular forum

24

How did it ensure safety?

Adding top tier access from old forum to access points in lower tiers

25

How did it deal with the weather?

Cover provided by awnings on temporary basis

26

What is a benefit of its small capacity?

Safe