Theme B - Democracy at Work in the UK Flashcards Preview

Citizenship (GCSE - EDEXCEL Pearson) > Theme B - Democracy at Work in the UK > Flashcards

Flashcards in Theme B - Democracy at Work in the UK Deck (16)
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1

canvassing

when people try to persuade others to vote for them in an election

2

constituency

the area represented by an MP

3

direct democracy

a form of democracy in which everyone votes on every situation through referendums

4

First Past The Post (FPTP)

an electoral system where voters have one vote in their constituency and the candidate with the most votes wins

5

General Election

an election for a new Government.
In the UK these take place at least every 5 years

6

hustings

a meeting at which candidates in an election speak to the voters

7

referendum

a vote by the whole electorate on a particular issue

8

representative democracy

a form of democracy in which people elect a representative to make decisions for them

9

Proportional Representation (PR)

an electoral system in which the number of seats a party wins is roughly proportional to its share of the votes in an election

10

closed-list system

a form of PR in which a party puts forward a list of candidates in the order that they will be elected

11

MEP

Member of the European Parliament

12

MP

Member of Parliament

13

back benchers

MPs who do not hold office in the Government or Opposition - they sit on the back benches in the House of Commons - they are not in the Cabinet or Shadow Cabinet

14

Cabinet

a group of MPs who head major Government departments - it meets weekly to make decisions about how government policy will be carried out. Senior Ministers from the House of Lords are also represented

15

coalition

a government made of more than one party. It is formed when no one party has enough seats to form a government.

16

front benchers

MPs who hold office in the Government or Opposition.
They sit on the front benches in the House of Commons