Theology Exams Ch 1,2,3,4,5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Theology Exams Ch 1,2,3,4,5 Deck (141):
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Gods free gift of self communication, which helps us understand Gods plan for us

Divine revelation

1

It is related to the Latin term meaning "reconnecting to the divine" or "binding to God"

Religion

2

A central truth of revelation that Catholics must believe

Dogma

3

He said "our heart is restless until it rests in God"

St Augustine

4

The holy spirits gift enables us to believe in God and all that he has revealed to us

Faith

5

He showed us how human intelligence can discover God

St Thomas Aquinas

6

One of the elements of the single deposit of faith

Sacred tradition

7

The sin of Adam and Eve into which we are all born

Original sin

8

A binding promise between God and humankind in which God pledges his enduring love and asks for our love in return

Covenant

9

Someone who does not believe in God

Atheist

10

First among the apostles, upon whom Christ founded the church

St. Peter

11

A judgement of reason whereby the human person recognizes the moral quality of a concrete act

Conscience

12

The story of Gods saving presence and activity on our behalf

Salvation history

13

Belief in one God

Monotheistic

14

The teaching authority of the church

Magisterium

15

Another way of saying without error

Inerrant

16

Most of the Old Testament was written in

Hebrew

17

Copies of the Old Testament books that were discovered in 1947

The Dead Sea scribes

18

This interpretation of the Bible ignores various literary forms and the cultural and historical factors of the period in which the biblical authors wrote

Literalist

19

A type of writing that has a particular form, style, or content

Literary genre

20

The process used by scholars to discover the meaning of the biblical text

Exegesis

21

Scriptures don't contradict themselves

Analogy of faith

22

Biblical criticism that helps to discover where the biblical authors got their material

Source criticism

23

A title given to theologians of the first eight centuries whose teachings made a lasting mark on the church

Church fathers

24

The language that Jesus spoke

Aramaic

25

God used the human authors as his _________ to convey divine revelation

Instrument

26

The entire New Testament was written in this language

Greek

27

Biblical criticism that helps discover how the various editors put together their sources and arranged them the way they did

Redaction criticism

28

The church's first official Latin translation of the bible

Vulgate

29

Who is the author of the bible

God

30

This highly symbolic works purpose was to encourage Christians who were undergoing persecution for their faith in Jesus

Book of revelation

31

Jesus was probably born in _______ and crucified in _______

6 A.D.
Thirty or thirty three A.D.

32

The second part of the gospel of Luke

Acts of the apostles

33

One of the letters written by Paul or his disciples

Epistle

34

Written as a sermon, emphasizes Christs superiority over all creation

Letter to the Hebrews

35

Seven letters were intended for all

Catholic epistles

36

First gospel

Mark

37

Gospel highlights Jesus as a suffering servant

Mark

38

This portrays Jesus as the Word of God

John

39

This Gospel contains sermon on the mount

Matthew

40

The author of this gospel was one of the apostles

John

41

This gospel presents Jesus as a savior with a special concern for the poor and outcast

Luke

42

Three forms of oral tradition

Kerygma- preaching to non believers
Didache- teaching the catechism
Liturgy- worship of the Christians

43

Three major reasons the gospels were written down

The end of the world wasn't coming as quickly as expected
Further instruction was needed
Distortion of the gospels was occurring

44

Jesus lived the life of a typical Jewish boy

True

45

Jesus was crucified by Pontious Pilate c. 30 AD

True

46

First written books of the New Testament were the gospels

False

47

The gospel writers were trying to write a biography of Jesus

False

48

The acts of the apostles tells the early history of the church

True

49

What is not true about the bible

It was written in one language

50

The first books of the bible May have been recorded during the reign of king

Solomon

51

The first five books of the bible are the

Torah and Pentateuch

52

The Greek term for second canon

Deuterocanonical

53

The bible translation of seventy scholars

Septuagint

54

The Hebrew word that signifies a standard, measurement, or norm

Canon

55

This word means beginning

Genesis

56

Second law

Deuteronomy

57

Refers to the law given by God to the Israelites at mount Sinai

Ten Commandments

58

Traditional author of the Pentateuch

Moses

59

Refers to the Israelites departure from Egypt

Exodus

60

One of the major prophets

Jeremiah

61

One of the minor prophets

Habakkuk

62

The judge Gideon this many men to defeat the medians

Three hundred

63

This Moabite woman was loyal to her mother in law

Ruth

64

How many books were accepted by the council of Trent?

46

65

4 sections of the Old Testament

Pentateuch
Historical books
Wisdom books
Prophetic books

66

This Old Testament section underwent centuries of retelling, adapting, and reinterpreting oral tradition

Pentateuch

67

A period of time that refers to events or objects that date before the written record existed

Prehistory

68

A consequence or original sin

Somsupscience

69

The first gospel - first good news

Protoevangelium

70

The sign of the covenant of Abraham

Circumcision

71

The story that demonstrates prideful ness will result in alienation

Tower of Babel

72

This patriarch is a model of faith

Abraham

73

The book of genesis ends with who's death

Joseph

74

Central figure in the Old Testament with a water name

Moses

75

Religious truth revealed in the first creation story

There is only one God

76

Twelve tribes of Israel were descendants of this patriarch

Jacob

77

Central to Jewish and Christian faiths

Passover

78

The symbol of the covenant with Noah

Rainbow

79

Created from Adams rib

Eve

80

Anthropomorphic view of God

Yahwist

81

Great emphasis on morality and law, highlights Moses speeches

Deuteronomist

82

God is referred to as Elohim, last of four traditions put in writing. Includes lists, genealogies, numbers, dates.

Priestly

83

Great emphasis on prophesies especially Elijah and Elisha

Elohist

84

Story that explains why we aren't always happy and don't live forever

The story of fall

85

The book of the pentateuch that stresses the theme of Gods holiness and our need to worship him

Leviticus

86

Foundational event in the history of the chosen people when they
LEft Egypt into the promised land

Exodus

87

This book refers to the murmuring of the people against Moses in the desert

Numbers

88

He forgave his brothers for selling him

Joseph

89

"One who contends with God"

Israel

90

The creation stories are concerned with presenting scientific truth

False

91

The first creation story portrays God as a potter who molds Adams body

False

92

The second creation story is older

True

93

The covenant with Abraham relied on

Gods fidelity alone

94

Jacob received the new name Esau from an angel

False

95

Jacobs favorite son was Judah

False

96

He led the Israelites into the promised land

Joshua

97

The first king of Israel was anointed by Samuel but lost the kingship because he disobeyed the divine commands

Saul

98

Israel's last and most significant judge

Samuel

99

Sails sons and David's friend

Jonathan

100

The second king of Israel whose prayers demonstrate that nothing can keep us from God

David

101

God spoke to king David through him

Nathan

102

David's son by Bathsheba

Solomon

103

Jesus was born under this king

Herod

104

Which figure was not one of Israel's judges

-Deborah
-Jonathan
-Gideon
-Samson

Jonathan

105

Samuels opinion on negative consequences of having a king

Taxation
Treatment like slaves
Children boarded to military

106

David's greatest achievements

United all the tribes
Chose Jerusalem as Israel's capital
Brought the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem

107

This kings vices were sex, violence and family discord

David

108

King Solomon was remembered for his

Wisdom

109

After his death, Israel was split into the kingdom of Judah and the kingdom of Israel

Solomon

110

What king committed adultery with Bathsheba

David

111

"God is with us"

Immanuel

112

Denial of God and repudiation of faith

Apostasy

113

Was the key to Israel's success in taking possession of the promised land

Obedience to God

114

The Old Testament books that cover the historical period from Moses death to the beginning of the monarchy

Joshua and judges

115

"One who speaks for another"

Prophet

116

In ancient Israel, they acted as temporary military leaders and arbiters of disputes within and between tribes

Judges

117

He compared the nation to a vineyard that God cultivated

Isaiah

118

Foretold a coming messiah who would lead Israel to peace and justice

Micah

119

Compared YHWH to a potter who would mold the nation in his hands

Jeremiah

120

The greatest of the OT prophets, was present at transfiguration

Elijah

121

What book is the work of three prophets

Isaiah

122

What exile took place between 586 bc and 538 bc

The Babylonian exile

123

What occupation was the Holy Land under during Jesus time

Roman

124

Matthew and Luke drew on the gospel of _________ and a common source called __________

Mark; Q

125

Who wrote his gospel for non Jewish, gentile Christians undergoing persecution?

Mark

126

What were the synoptic gospels

Mark, Matthew and Luke

127

Mark stressed Jesus is both ____________ and ___________

Human and divine

128

The three title ps for Jesus used by mark

Suffering servant, son of man, and Christ

129

A major theological emphasis of the Gospel is to show what

Jesus is the messiah

130

Jesus means

Savior

131

Luke's gospel stresses that Jesus comes as a _____________________ to rescue Jew and gentile alike

Universal savior

132

What title does Matthew use for Jesus the most?

Son of David

133

What are the infancy narratives

Matthew and Luke

134

Matthew presents Jesus as

The new Moses

135

Who wrote one fourth tops the New Testament

Luke w

136

The feast of the ____________ celebrates Jesus manifestation as savior if the world

Epiphany

137

Emmanuel

God is with us

138

Synoptic means

Seen together

139

Gospel means

Good news

140

What ways is the term Gospel used

To preach about Jesus and his life
Matthew, mark, Luke, and john