Flashcards in Theory Deck (207)
(See Fig.1) What does this curved arrow road marking mean?
. Heavy vehicles should take the next road on the left to avoid a weight limit
. The road ahead bends to the left
. Overtaking traffic should move back to the left
. The road ahead has a camber to the left
A: Overtaking traffic should move back to the left
In this picture, the road marking shows that overtaking drivers or riders need to return to the left. These markings show the direction drivers must pass hatch markings or solid double white lines. They're also used to show the route that high vehicles should take under a low arched bridge.
(See Fig.3) Which instrument-panel warning light would show that headlights are on main beam?
You're approaching a red light at a puffin crossing. Pedestrians are on the crossing. When will the red light change?
. When you start to edge forward onto the crossing
. When the pedestrians have cleared the crossing
. When the pedestrians push the button on the far side of the crossing
. When a driver from the opposite direction reaches the crossing
A: When the pedestrians have cleared the crossing
A sensor will automatically detect that the pedestrians have reached a safe position. Don't drive on until the green light shows and it's safe for you to do so.
What should you do if your anti-lock brakes (ABS) warning light stays on?
. Check the brake-fluid level
. Check the footbrake free play
. Check that the parking brake is released
. Have the brakes checked immediately
A: Have the brakes checked immediately
Consult the vehicle handbook or a garage before driving the vehicle any further. Only drive to a garage if it's safe to do so. If you aren't sure, get expert help.
You're driving on an open road in dry weather. What distance should you keep from the vehicle in front?
. A two-second time gap
. One car length
. Two metres (6 feet 6 inches)
. Two car lengths
A: A two-second time gap
One way of checking there's a safe distance between you and the vehicle in front is to use the two-second rule. To check for a two-second time gap, choose a stationary object ahead, such as a bridge or road sign. When the car in front passes the object, say 'Only a fool breaks the two-second rule'. If you reach the object before you finish saying the phrase, you're too close and need to increase the gap.
(See Fig.2) What should you do if the vehicle starts reversing off the driveway?
. Move to the opposite side of the road
. Drive through as you have priority
. Sound your horn and be prepared to stop
. Speed up and drive through quickly
A: Sound your horn and be prepared to stop
White lights at the rear of a car show that the driver has selected reverse gear. The driver is hidden from view so can't see you approaching. Sound your horn to warn of your presence, and be ready to stop if the car reverses into your path.
You're following two cyclists as they approach a roundabout in the left-hand lane. Where would you expect the cyclists to go?
. Any direction
. Straight ahead
A: Any direction
Cyclists approaching a roundabout in the left-hand lane may be turning right but may not have been able to get into the correct lane due to heavy traffic. They may also feel safer keeping to the left all the way around the roundabout. Be aware of them and give them plenty of room.
You're following a long vehicle approaching a crossroads. What should you do if the driver signals right but moves close to the left-hand kerb?
. Warn the driver about the wrong signal
. Wait behind the long vehicle
. Report the driver to the police
. Overtake on the right-hand side
A: Wait behind the long vehicle
When a long vehicle is going to turn right, it may need to keep close to the left-hand kerb. This is to prevent the rear end of the trailer cutting the corner. You need to be aware of how long vehicles behave in such situations. Don’t overtake the lorry, because it could turn as you’re alongside. Stay behind and wait for it to turn.
What colour are the reflective studs between a motorway and a slip road?
A: Green (See Fig.5)
The studs between the carriageway and the hard shoulder are normally red. These change to green where there's a slip road, helping you to identify slip roads when visibility is poor or when it's dark.
What should you do when you park at night on a road that has a 40 mph speed limit?
. Park facing the traffic
. Leave parking lights switched on
. Leave dipped headlights switched on
. Park near a street light
A: Leave parking lights switched on
You must use parking lights when parking at night on a road or in a lay-by on a road with a speed limit greater than 30 mph. You must also park in the direction of the traffic flow and not close to a junction.
You're approaching traffic lights and the red light is showing. What signal will show next?
. Red and amber
. Green alone
. Amber alone
. Green and amber
A: Red and Amber
If you know which light is going to show next, you can plan your approach accordingly. This can help prevent excessive braking or hesitation at the junction.
(See Fig. 6) What shape are traffic signs giving orders?
A: Circular signs (See Fig.7)
Road signs in the shape of a circle give orders. Those with a red circle are mostly prohibitive. The ‘stop’ sign is octagonal to give it greater prominence. Signs giving orders must always be obeyed.
(See Fig.8) What does this sign mean?
. Ring road
. No vehicles
As you approach a roundabout, look well ahead and check all signs. Decide which exit you wish to take and move into the correct position as you approach the roundabout, signalling as required.
You may drive over a footpath if
. you are getting to a property.
. you need to overtake a slow-moving vehicle in front.
. no pedestrians are using the footpath.
. it is at a dip in the kerb.
A: you are getting to a property.
You must not reverse your vehicle
. in an area with many buildings, as well as stationary and moving vehicles.
. further than necessary.
. into side roads.
. for longer than the length of one car.
A: further than necessary.
What should the left-hand lane of a motorway be used for?
. Vehicles travelling at the minimum speed limit
. Overtaking traffic in the middle lane
. Normal driving
. Breakdowns only
A: Normal driving
If you see miniature warning lights (two lights aligned vertically), one of which is red, what should you expect ahead?
. A level crossing
. An airfield
. A fire station
. A Bridge
A: A level crossing
The red light means that a train is approaching.
What is the national speed limit for the outside lane of a motorway?
. 60 mph
. 80 mph
. 70 mph
. 50 mph
A: 70 mph
The speed limit is the same on all lanes on the motorway.
You wish to park in a 40-mph zone with traffic flowing in both directions. At night, you should park
. on the right side of the road, with parking lights on.
. on the right side of the road, with dipped headlights on.
. on the left side of the road, without any lights on.
. on the left side of the road, with parking lights on.
A: on the left side of the road, with parking lights on.
When you have parked, some lighting is necessary to ensure that pedestrians and other motorists can see you.
You approach a roundabout and see a pedestrian getting ready to cross. Who must give way?
. Whoever was there last
. No one
. The pedestrian
If you have been disqualified from driving, in addition to serving your sentence, what must you do to get a driving licence again?
. Resit all tests after the period of disqualification has concluded, applying for a duplicate driving licence.
. Resit all driving tests and examinations of behaviour and skill at a time that suits you.
. Resit all tests after the period of disqualification has concluded, applying as a new driver.
. Pay all remaining fines, apply for a new licence, and resit your test at any time during the disqualification period.
A: Resit all tests after the period of disqualification has concluded, applying as a new driver.
You cannot begin to apply for a licence until your disqualification period has ended.
You are going to reverse into a side road, but you aren't sure the area is clear. You should
. assume it is and go anyway.
. get out of the car and check.
. check only your side mirrors.
. check only your rear-view mirror.
A: get out of the car and check.
Look carefully everywhere before you start to reverse.
You want to park facing downhill. You should
. park with two wheels up the kerb.
. turn the steering wheel towards the kerb and put on the handbrake.
. park as close as possible to the car in front.
. park with one wheel up the kerb.
A: turn the steering wheel towards the kerb and put on the handbrake.
The kerb can stop your car from rolling.
When travelling on icy roads, how should you drive?
. With the handbrake slightly on
. With the car in the lowest gear possible
. With the car in the highest gear possible
. With your left foot resting on the brake at all times
A: With the car in the highest gear possible
Rely on your gears to drive safely.
The first MOT certificate will need to be acquired __________ after the purchase of a new car.
. two years
. three years
. four years
. a year
A: three years
Things can go wrong after a few years of ownership.
You must hold your full EC/EEA driving licence for ___ year(s) before supervising a learner driver.
The minimum age that any UK driver could supervise would be 21, assuming they passed at the minimum age.
(See Fig.9) You are driving behind a large goods vehicle. It signals right but starts to move left. You should
. overtake it to avoid a collision.
. accelerate and sound your horn.
. carry on and keep to the right.
. slow down and let it turn.
A: slow down and let it turn.
Large goods vehicles cannot turn like cars.
(See Fig.10) When driving through a flooded area, what should you do?
. Check your exhaust.
. Test the function of your brakes at the earliest safe opportunity.
. Stop the vehicle and dry your brakes.
. Stop the vehicle and check your tyres.
A: Test the function of your brakes at the earliest safe opportunity.
When driving through a flooded area, you should pay more attention to your brakes than to your tyres.
Where can you find a crawler lane on a motorway?
. On a slip road
. Before a service station
. On a steep gradient
. Next to the hard shoulder
A: On a steep gradient
A crawler lane is for heavy loads. On a steep gradient this extra lane is provided for these slow-moving vehicles to allow the faster-moving traffic to flow more easily.