Flashcards in Therapies Deck (18):
CBT Cognitive Based Therapies Principles (5)
1. The cognitive principle
2. The cognitive triangle principle
3. The continuum principle
4. ‘Here and now’ principle
5. Interacting systems principle
What is the cognitive principle?
The idea that every event can have different interpretations & lead to different emotive responses, depending on our thinking pattern.
ex) friend walks by and doesn't say hi. Could have not seen you-neutral. Snob didn't want to talk to you -anger. Doesn't wanna say hi because they don't like you-sad.
What is the cognitive Triangle principle?
What we do has a powerful influence on our thoughts and emotions.. Thoughts, feelings, and behaviour all influence one another in a circulatory manner.
What is the continuum principle?
Mental health problems are best conceptualised as exaggerations of normal processes. (behaviour lies on a continuum from normal to pathological)
What is the 'Here and Now' principle?
Focus on current processes rather than the past
What is the interacting systems principle?
It is helpful to look at problems as interactions between thoughts, emotions, behaviour and physiology and the situation in which the person operates.
What makes the cognitive triangle act in a loop?
Negative automatic thoughts.
-uncontrollable stream of thoughts- negatively appraising situations. Habitual, brief, and frequent.
In CBT what do we intervene in?
Beliefs, thoughts, emotions and behaviour
What are CBT techniques for changing thoughts?
b)Restructuring thoughts and beliefs
c) Guided discovery (What did you think, how did you feel?)
e) Challenging NATs (looking at evidence)
CBT: how do we change emotions?
CBT techniques for changing behaviour?
-Gradual exposure: stop avoidance
CBT interventions for depression?
b) Cognitive Restructuring
a) Contingency Management
b) Behavioral Activation
What is the Cognitive Specificity Hypothesis?
Distorted thoughts (failure/incompetence, uncontrollability/dangerousness) relate to specific psychiatric disorders.
What is the ABC in cognitive restructuring?
A= activating event
Define reinforcement. Negative. and Positive
Reinforcement= anything that.makes a behaviour more likely
PR.= something good is added to increase behaviour
N.R.=something bad is taken away to increase behaviour
Mood, mastery and pleasure monitoring will:
Promote awareness- The Clients learn to monitor themselves,
Show us what we need to increase and decrease
What does it mean to set a SMART goal
T= time based