Thoracic Viscera Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Thoracic Viscera Deck (26):
1

The ____ is the outermost layer of the heart

epicardium

2

The ____ is the middle layer of the heart *contracts/pumps

myocardium

3

The ____ is the innermost layer of the heart

endocardium

4

Heart circulation (right) goes from the body to the ____ and ____ vena cava to form the vena cava.

super and inferior

5

Heart circulation (right) goes from the vena cava into the ____ ____ of the heart

right atrium

6

Heart circulation (right) goes from the right atrium to the ____ valve.

tricuspid

7

Heart circulation (right) goes from the tricuspid valve to the ____ ventricle of the heart

right

8

Heart circulation (right) goes from the right ventricle to the ____ arteries

pulmonary

9

Heart circulation (right) goes from the pulmonary arteries into the ____

lungs

10

Heart circulation (left) goes from the lungs into the ____ veins

pulmonary

11

Heart circulation (left) goes from the pulmonary veins into the ____ atrium

left

12

Heart circulation (left) goes from the left atrium into the ____ valve

bicuspid

13

Heart circulation (left) goes from the bicuspid valve into the ____ ventricle

left

14

The ____ is a narrow musculomembraneous tube that's about 9 inches long. Lies just in front of the vertebral column

Esophagus

15

Heart circulation (left) goes from the left ventricle into the ____ valve

aortic

16

Heart circulation (left) goes from the aortic valve into the ____

aorta

17

Heart circulation (left) goes from aorta into the ____

body

18

` Greek, “epi” = on, “glottis” = mouth 
       “mouth of the windpipe”
` Leaf-shaped plate of elastic cartilage
` C d ih b Covered with mucus membrane
` At root of tongue
` Folds over aperture of larynx Folds over aperture of larynx
       ◦ (when swallow)

Epiglottis

19

`Consists of: Consists of:
◦Nose & Mouth
◦Larynx
◦Trachea
◦Bronchi
◦Two lungs

Respiratory System

20

` “voice box”
` consists of:
       ◦ thy g roid cartilage
              x “Adam’s apple”, (C4)
◦ cricoid Cartilage
◦ vocal folds and vocal cords
◦ glottis with its epiglottis

Larynx

21

` right main (primary) bronchus:
     ◦ shorter
     ◦wider
     ◦more vertical
` Bronchi enter each lung at the hilum

Bronchi

22

What is the carina?

the trachea bifercation (which bifercates at about T5-T6)

23

Which bronchus is more vertical?

Right bronchus

24

Which bronchus divides into 2 secondary bronchi?

Left bronchus

25

Which structure is more proximal, the carina or the left main bronchus?

Carina

26