Topic 5- Health, Disease and the Development of Medicines Flashcards Preview

GCSE Biology - Edexcel > Topic 5- Health, Disease and the Development of Medicines > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 5- Health, Disease and the Development of Medicines Deck (94)
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1

Which cell structure is found in plant and animal cells but not in bacterial cells?

nucleus

2

Give one example of a disease that can be caught from another person.

any communicable/infectious disease, e.g. flu or a cold

3

Give an example of a disease that is not passed from person to person.

any non-communicable disease, e.g. cancer, diabetes

4

Name a type of organism that can cause disease.

any one from: bacterium, virus, protist, fungus

5

Suggest one way in which infectious diseases are spread.

any suitable method, e.g. by sneezing, in air, in water, by touching faeces

6

What might a doctor give to someone who has a bacterial disease?

antibiotic

7

Give one symptom of flu.

any one from: high temperature/fever, aches, runny nose, sore throat

8

What does the immune system do?

protect against infection

9

Which term describes bacteria that are not harmed by an antibiotic?

antibiotic resistant

10

Describe one thing you can do to stay healthy.

any suitable answer such as: avoid infection, get regular exercise, eat a good diet, avoid stress

11

Is alcoholic liver cirrhosis a communicable or non-communicable disease?

non-communicable

12

Which type of disease is passed from parent to offspring in their genes?

genetic disease

13

What causes malnutrition?

a poor diet/diet without the right balance of nutrients

14

What causes a deficiency disease?

not getting enough of a nutrient from food

15

Give one example of a deficiency disease.

any suitable answer such as anaemia, kwashiorkor, scurvy

16

Give an example of a lifestyle factor that is linked to disease.

any suitable answer such as diet, exercise, smoking, alcohol consumption

17

If the amount of alcohol a person drinks increases, how will their risk of liver disease change?

increase

18

What is the function of the liver that makes it particularly likely to be damaged by alcohol?

It breaks down toxic substances including alcohol.

19

Describe one problem that alcohol consumption causes for society.

any suitable answer such as cost of treating people with liver disease, loss of working days, increased risk of deaths by drink driving

20

What is cardiovascular disease?

disease of the heart and/or circulatory system

21

Is cardiovascular disease communicable or non-communicable?

non-communicable

22

Name two ways of measuring obesity.

BMI and waist : hip ratio

23

How does diet affect obesity?

Eating too much increases mass/obesity.

24

How does exercise affect obesity?

More exercise can decrease obesity.

25

How is obesity correlated with cardiovascular disease?

Increasing obesity increases the risk of disease.

26

How is smoking tobacco correlated with cardiovascular disease?

The more a person smokes, the greater the person's risk of cardiovascular disease.

27

Name two different types of treatment for cardiovascular disease.

any two from: bypass surgery or stent as to prevent blood clots or reduce blood pressure; lifestyle changes smoking, increasing exercise or changing diet

28

What is a pathogen?

a microorganism that causes disease in/harms the body

29

Are diseases caused by pathogens communicable or non-communicable?

communicable

30

Which type of pathogen is HIV?

virus