Topic 5 - The UK's Evolving Human Landscape Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 5 - The UK's Evolving Human Landscape Deck (11):
1

What is population density? 

The population per unit area. 

2

 Give an example of a primary industry, what has happened to these economies? 

Farming, mining which they have declined due to technology and cheaper alternatives. 

3

Give an example of secondary industry. 

Manufacturing, which has decreased due to global shift. 

4

Give an example of the tertiary sector (service sector).  

Retail, banking, healthcare and education. 

5

Give an example of quaternary sectors. 

IT and research development - which is increasing as technology improves. 

6

What is FDI? 

Foreign direct investment - a company based in one country can invest money into a different country e.g. buy land, a property, buy an existing business, etc. 

7

What is globalisation? 

The process of countries becoming more integrated. 

8

What is privatisation? 

Services that were previously run by the UK government have been offered to private firms. 

9

What is a TNC? 

Transnational corporations are big companies that operate in more than one country. 

10

Give a pro of the UK economy working with TNC's ? 

Jobs are created, e.g. a US TNC is investing in a resort in derbyshire creating 1000 jobs. 

11

Give a disadvantage of the UK economy working with TNC's. 

Local businesses struggle to compete with the TNC's.