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Flashcards in TREATMENT Deck (17):
1

Gonococci- prevention and treatment

Prevention: condoms, erythromycin eye ointment prevents neonatal blindness

Treatment: ceftriaxone (+ azithromycin or doxycyclin, possibe chlymadia confection)

2

Meningococci- prevention and treatment

Propylaxis: rifampin, ciprofloxacin or ceftriaxone

Treatment: ceftriaxone pr penicillin G

3

Hemophilus influenza

Amoxicillin +/- clavulanate- mucosal infections
Ceftriaxone- meningitis
Rifampin prophylaxis for close contacts

4

Legionella pneumophila

Macrolide or quinolone

5

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

CAMPFIRE
Carbapenems
Aminoglucosides
Monobactems
Polymyxins (polymixin B, colistin)
Fluoroquinolones (ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin)
thIRd and fourth generation cephalosporins (ceftazidime, cefepime)
Extended-spectrum penicillins (piperacillin, ticarcillin)

6

Typhoid fever

Ceftriaxone or fluoroquinolones

7

H pylori

Triple therapy (Antibiotic Cure Pylori)
Amoxicillin
Clarithromycin
Proton pump inhibitors

8

Lyme disease

Doxycycline (1st line)
Amoxicillin and cefuroxime in pregnant women and children.

9

Gardenerella vaginalis

Metronidazole or clindamycin

10

Chlamydiae

Azithromycin (favoured because one-line treatment)
or doxycycline (+ ceftriaxone for possible concomitant gonorrhea)

11

Chlamydia trachomatis types L1, L2, L3
Lymphogranuloma venereum

Doxycycline

12

Rickettsia

Doxycycline; caution during pregnancy- chloramphenicol

13

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Macrolides, doxycycline or fluoroquinolone
(Penicillin ineffective- no cell wall)

14

Fungi

Local infection: fluconazole or itraconazole
Systemic infection: amphotericin B

15

Tinea (pityriasis) versicolor

Selenium sulfide, topical and/or oral antifungal medications

16

Candida albicans

Vaginal: oral fluconazole/ topical azole
Oral/oesophageal: nystatin, flucanazole or echinocandins
Systemic: flucanazole, echinocandins, amphotericin B

17

Cryptococcus neoformans

Amphotericin B + flucytosine followed by fluconazole for cryptococcal meningitis