Treatment in Forensic Populations - Lecture 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Treatment in Forensic Populations - Lecture 10 Deck (36)
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1

What are the implications of the term 'treatment'?

An illness
A diagnosis
A cure
Prognosis

2

What term do forensic scientists prefer?

Programme

3

What does this programme involve?

A course of activity, aimed at bringing about some outcome change in behaviour, typically to reduce offending

4

What type of 'treatments' can be used?

Prison (deterrent/rehabilitation)
Medication (mental health, detox)
Staff behaviour (bullying/respect)
Programmes (sex offending, anger, drugs)
Work or education
Privileges

5

What is prison?

Containment, deterrent, place for rehabilitation/training

6

What are two reasons why Ainsworth (2000) says it isn't effective?

95% of those who commit a crime are not convicted.
Those convicted go to prison months (years?) after committing the crime so doesn't work in behaviourist terms.

7

What does containment do?

Removes people from society but can you stay in prison forever?

8

What does re-habilitation do?

It prevents re-offending

9

What is training for?

For the outside world

10

If a prisoner is mentally ill, what happens?

The prison is legally required to provide medication - anti-depressants

11

If a prisoner has a drug problem, what happens?

They have to go on a detox regime

12

What is the benefit of the detox regime?

It significantly reduces suicide, self-harm an deaths in custody

13

What is the most common detox drug?

Buprenorphine for opiate addiction or methadone, dihydrocodeine

14

What is ACCT?

Assessment, Care in Custody, Treatment - a prison service violence reduction strategy

15

Where are prison officers often recruited from?

The armed forces

16

What do effective programmes need to be?

Structured, focused and addressing distinct problem.
Staff need to be firm, but fair, who reinforce anti-criminal attitudes.
Staff should be committed, enthusiastic and supported by management.
Programme needs to target attitudes and values that support offending.
Need to use problem-solving and social learning
Programme should be matched to offender characteristics.
Monitored in terms of recidivism and personal growth.
Target medium and high risk offenders
Attempt to generalise beyond institutional setting.

17

What programme is most effective?

Cognitive-behavioural therapy

18

What are the six key areas of cognitive functioning this programme aims to improve?

1. Self control/management
2. Interpersonal problem-solving and social interaction
3. Rigid/inflexible thinking
4. Social perspective taking
5. Analytical thinking
6. Moral reasoning

19

What is cognitive behavioural sequence?

Events, thoughts, behaviour

20

How many accredited offender behaviour programmes are there?

45

21

Accreditation by...

NOMS

22

What is the accreditation?

It's evidence-based, consistent with 'What works', typically CBT, appropriate assessments, quality monitored and evaluated.

23

What is the range of programmes?

From very specific (eg. alcohol-related ARV) to very general (eg. Belief in change).

24

What is the range in length of programme?

From short (4 weeks) to long (a year), from one-to-one to group

25

What are the programmes called that are separate for women and juvenile?

CARE for women and JETS for juvenile

26

What do they focus on?

General offending behaviour (eg. Thinking skills programme), aggression and anger, substance misuse, sexual offending.

27

What did Welsh and Farrington, 2004 reveal might reduce delinquent behaviour?

Parent education (home visits)
Parent management training
Child skills training
Pre-school intellectual enrichment

28

What are the four cognitive skills programmes used with violent offenders?

ART (Aggression Replacement Training)
CDVP (Community Domestic Violence)
HRP (Healthy Relationships)
Resolve (for reactive of instrumental violence)

29

What is chemical 'castration'?

When hormones are injected or anti-androgens into a person to reduce testosterone. There are side effects and its ineffective.

30

What are Sex offenders treatment programmes?

SOTP -
Adapted, rolling, core, extended and booster
Mixed success - criteria unmet and biggest problem is that it is not targeted at individual needs.
Denial prevents access
Also now community variants and HSF (for high-risk)