Treatment Of Bovine Respiratory Disease Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Treatment Of Bovine Respiratory Disease Deck (14):
1

What short term treatment should you provide in a calf pneumonia outbreak?

In groups of affected animals you can either:
Treat animals with temperatures over 39.5c
Or treat all animals if over 25% are affected

NSAIDs - meloxicam

Antibiotics - Tulathromycin (macrolide) usually used in practice because of its 2w residual activity and action against mycoplasma
But can also use:
Macrolides - gammithromycin
Oxytetracyclines - Terramycin, engemycin
Beta lactams - penicillins and ceohalosporins - not for mycoplasma

2

What long term prevention advice should you give a farmer regarding the prevention and control of calf pneumonia?

Improve the environment - no draughts, correct temperature, clean dry beds, correct humidity
Calf coats
Good colostrum and nutrition provision
Vaccines

3

What are the two NSAIDs with nil milk withdrawal in cattle?

Ketoprofen
Carprofen

4

When should you vaccinate Spring born suckler calves?

2 doses, 2nd dose 2 weeks before housing

5

How can you administer the IBR vaccine and how often should you give boosters?

Intranasal
Intramuscular
6-12m boosters

An can be differentiated on serology

Initial vaccination - live
Boosters - dead

6

What environmental improvements should you recommend?

Calf coats
Using a fan to increase ventilation
Separating roof sheets
Space boarding
Clean and dry environment
No constant but can still see each other
Keep on a palate
Shelter covered by straw

7

What is the maximum number of calves that should share an airspace?

60

8

What airspace allowance should there be per calf?

6m3 less than 6 wo
10m3 6-12wo

9

What is the maximum less of humidity to have in a calf house?

Less than 80%

10

What is the meat withhold of Tulathromycin?

22days IM

11

What is the meat withhold of gammithromycin?

64days IM

12

What is the meat withhold of tilmicosin?

70days Im

13

What is the meat withhold of florfenicol?

30 days IM

14

What is the meat withhold of oxytetracycline?

36 days IM