Flashcards in Treatment Of Bovine Respiratory Disease Deck (14):
What short term treatment should you provide in a calf pneumonia outbreak?
In groups of affected animals you can either:
Treat animals with temperatures over 39.5c
Or treat all animals if over 25% are affected
NSAIDs - meloxicam
Antibiotics - Tulathromycin (macrolide) usually used in practice because of its 2w residual activity and action against mycoplasma
But can also use:
Macrolides - gammithromycin
Oxytetracyclines - Terramycin, engemycin
Beta lactams - penicillins and ceohalosporins - not for mycoplasma
What long term prevention advice should you give a farmer regarding the prevention and control of calf pneumonia?
Improve the environment - no draughts, correct temperature, clean dry beds, correct humidity
Good colostrum and nutrition provision
What are the two NSAIDs with nil milk withdrawal in cattle?
When should you vaccinate Spring born suckler calves?
2 doses, 2nd dose 2 weeks before housing
How can you administer the IBR vaccine and how often should you give boosters?
An can be differentiated on serology
Initial vaccination - live
Boosters - dead
What environmental improvements should you recommend?
Using a fan to increase ventilation
Separating roof sheets
Clean and dry environment
No constant but can still see each other
Keep on a palate
Shelter covered by straw
What is the maximum number of calves that should share an airspace?
What airspace allowance should there be per calf?
6m3 less than 6 wo
What is the maximum less of humidity to have in a calf house?
Less than 80%
What is the meat withhold of Tulathromycin?
What is the meat withhold of gammithromycin?
What is the meat withhold of tilmicosin?
What is the meat withhold of florfenicol?
30 days IM