Tropes and Schemes Flashcards Preview

AP Lang > Tropes and Schemes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Tropes and Schemes Deck (50)
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1
Q

Paradox

A

A statement which contains a superficial contradiction and a more subtle truth (trope)

2
Q

Simile

A

A comparison employing “like” or “as” (trope)

3
Q

Metaphor

A

A direct comparison, as if the compared objects are the same (trope)

4
Q

Personification

A

A comparison attributing a distinctly human behavior to a non-human (trope)

5
Q

Alliteration

A

The repetition of the beginning consonant sounds of words (scheme)

6
Q

Consonance

A

The repetition of any consonant sounds of words (scheme)

7
Q

Assonance

A

The repetition of any vowel sounds of words (scheme)

8
Q

Oxymoron

A

The juxtaposition of two seemingly-opposite words (trope)

9
Q

Parallelism

A

The use of clear parallel structure to have some effect (scheme)

10
Q

Tricolon

A

The listing of three parallel elements, not necessarily in increasing intensity (scheme)

11
Q

Tetracolon

A

The listing of four parallel elements (scheme)

12
Q

Isocolon

A

A repetition of similar grammatical elements in a list (scheme)

13
Q

Rhetorical question

A

A question posed by the author to engage the audience (trope)

14
Q

Anaphora

A

The repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of a clause (scheme)

15
Q

Epistrophe

A

The repetition of a word or phrase at the end of a clause (scheme)

16
Q

Symploce

A

A combination of anaphora and epistrophe (scheme)

17
Q

Asyndeton

A

The omission of conjunctions within a list (scheme)

18
Q

Polysyndeton

A

The use of more than one conjunction within a list (scheme)

19
Q

Antithesis

A

The position of two opposite elements in parallel structure (scheme)

20
Q

Aposiopesis

A

A deliberate pause in a sentence, often trailing off with an ellipsis or dash (trope)

21
Q

Onomatopoeia

A

A use of a word describing a sound that the word sounds like when spoken (trope)

22
Q

Anadiplosis

A

The repetition of a grammatical element at the ending of a clause at the beginning of the next clause (scheme)

23
Q

Epanalepsis

A

The repetition of a grammatical element at the beginning of a clause at the ending of the next clause (scheme)

24
Q

Epizeuxis

A

The repetition of a word several times (scheme)

25
Q

Verbal irony

A

A statement that contradicts the intended meaning (trope)

26
Q

Chiasmus

A

Anadiplosis plus epanalepsis (scheme)

27
Q

Metonymy

A

The use of an associated word instead of a word itself (trope)

28
Q

Synecdoche

A

The use of a word resembling a part of a word instead of the word itself (trope)

29
Q

Paralipsis

A

A deliberate passing-over of a subject or topic (trope)

30
Q

Meiosis

A

An understatement that makes something quite serious much less than it is (trope)

31
Q

Litotes

A

An understatement with irony in which the affirmative is expressed with the negation of a statement contrary to the affirmative (trope)

32
Q

Anastrophe

A

A syntactic inversion of the normal order of grammatical elements (scheme)

33
Q

Polyptoton

A

The repetition of a root word taking the form of multiple different words (trope)

34
Q

Hyperbole

A

Deliberate exaggeration (trope)

35
Q

Anthimeria

A

The use of a word as if it had a different part of speech (trope)

36
Q

Periphrasis

A

The assignment of a title to a proper noun (trope)

37
Q

Ellipsis

A

The omission of a words or series of words (trope)

38
Q

Climax

A

The use of a list increasing in intensity or importance (scheme)

39
Q

Anticlimax

A

The use of the final element of a list to subvert the increasing intensity or importance (scheme)

40
Q

Parenthesis

A

Insertion of extraneous verbal unit in the middle of a sentence using dashes, parentheses, or commas (scheme)

41
Q

Apposition

A

The renaming, restating, or clarifying of something with an appositive phrase (scheme)

42
Q

Tmesis

A

The interjection of a word with another word or phrase (scheme)

43
Q

Auxesis

A

The offering of a name for something that is quite exaggerated (trope)

44
Q

Apostrophe

A

The address of something that cannot respond, including items or deities (trope)

45
Q

Prolepsis

A

The speaking of a future event as if it had happened (trope)

46
Q

Analogy

A

A comparison involving four parts (A is to B as C is to D) (trope)

47
Q

Conceit

A

A surprising, controlling extended metaphor with many complexities and intricacies (trope)

48
Q

Paronomasia

A

A pun involving two words alike in sound, but different in meaning (trope)

49
Q

Antanaclasis

A

A pun using repetition of the same word in two different (trope)

50
Q

Zeugma/Syllepsis

A

A pun using two words understood differently in addition to two or more other words (trope)