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Geography - Forest Under Threat > Tropical Rainforest > Flashcards

Flashcards in Tropical Rainforest Deck (12)
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1

location?

between the tropics on the Equator

2

climate?

high temperatures (26-32C) high precipitation (60mm each month) no dry season

3

soil?

incredibly deep, nutrient layer is very thin, not very fertile, nutrients can be 'leached' by heavy precipitation

4

lianas adaptations

woody climbing vines, climb high to reach sunlight, drop their roots into the ground

5

leaves adapatations

drip-tips to shed heavy rain, waxy to protect themselves from insects

6

buttress roots

support trees in shallow soil, spread roots over a large surface to catch nutrients

7

epiphtyes adapatations

grow on branches for support

8

sloth adaptations

huge claws to hang upside down, fur grows away from their feet to shed rain, green algae grows on their fur camouflages them from predators

9

lemurs and monkeys adaptations

evolved to live in the canopy, long tails for balance, strong claws to grip trees and branches

10

jaguars, tigers and leopards adaptations

camouflaged fur, dark and light fur patches blend in with the shade and sunlight

11

Amazon Rainforest threats (percentages)

60% cattle ranching, 33% subsistence agriculture, 3% fires mining urbanization and logging, 1% commercial agriculture

12

Kilum-Ijim, Cameroon

area of mountain forest home to 35 communities from 3 tribes (the Kom, Nso, Oku), 1987 Birdlife International organisation started a project to create a sustainable forest reserve, aim was to conserve the forest to be used for future generations, forest area has increased by 8%, economically sustained forest management, faces the challenge of population increase money from international donors could stop and climate change degrading the forest