Tú commands, Subjunctive Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Tú commands, Subjunctive Deck (22):
1

Affirmative tú commands

2nd person singular (tú form) of the verb, minus the -s

hablar - hablas - habla
comer - comes - come
escribir - escribes - escribe

2

Decir: Affirmative tú command

To say/tell

Di

3

Salir: Affirmative tú command

To go out, leave

Sal

4

Hacer: Affirmative tú command

To do, make

Haz

5

Ser: Affirmative tú command

To be (permanently)

6

Ir: Affirmative tú command

To go

Ve

7

Tener: Affirmative tú command

To have

Ten

8

Poner: Affirmative tú command

To put

Pon

9

Venir: Affirmative tú command

To come

Ven

10

Manten: Affirmative tú command

To maintain, keep

Mantén

11

Subjunctive usually occurs when (three things)

1) Sentence w/ main and dependent clause, connected by "que"

2) Subject of dependent clause different from main clause

3) Main clause contains impersonal expression

12

WEDDING

W: Wish / want
E: Emotion
D: Doubt / denial
D: Desire / hope
I: Impersonal expression & influence
N: Negative opinion / non-existence
G: God will and "gustar" type verbs

13

To form a subjunctive verb

1) Start with "yo" form of verb

2) Add "opposite" ending:
-ar verbs: -e, -es, -e, -emos, -en
-er/-ir verbs: -a, -as, -a, -amos, -an

14

Subjunctive: -ger and -gir endings

g -> j

escoger -> escoja, escojas, escoja, escojamos, escojan

15

Subjunctive: -car, -gar, -c endings

-car -> qu
explicar -> explique, expliques, etc.

-gar -> gu
llegar -> llegue, llegues, etc.

-z -> c
empezar -> empiece, empieces, etc.

16

Dar: Subjunctive conjugation
(DISHES)

To give


des

demos
den

17

Ir: Subjunctive conjugation
(DISHES)

To go

vaya
vayas
vaya
vayamos
vayan

18

Saber: Subjunctive conjugation
(DISHES)

To know (facts, information)

sepa
sepas
sepa
sepamos
sepan

19

Haber: Subjunctive conjugation
(DISHES)

To have (to be)

haya
hayas
haya
hayamos
hayan

20

Estar: Subjunctive conjugation
(DISHES)

To be (temporarily)

esté
estés
esté
estemos
estén

21

Ser: Subjunctive conjugation
(DISHES)

To be (permanently)

sea
seas
sea
seamos
sean

22

Expressions in Spanish requiring the subjunctive: ESCAPA

E: En caso de que...
S: Sin que...
C: Con tal que....
A: A menos que...
P: Para que....
A: Antes de que...