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Flashcards in Tuscany Deck (61):
1

Who is Marquis Mario Roccheta?

Released the first vintage of Sassicaia in 1968

2

What is the climate of Tuscany?

dry, maritime

3

What are the 3 main grapes of Tuscany?

Sangiovese
Nebbiolo
Aglianico

4

Name 7 DOCGs in which Sangiovese is the main grape varietal.

Chianti
Chianti Classico
Carmignano
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano
Morellino di Scansano
Montetucco Sangiovese
Brunello di Montalcino

5

Name 2 grape varietals used as blending partners for Sangiovese.

Colorino-adds color and power
Canaiolo-softens its attack

6

What 2 Bordeaux grape varietals may be added to the Chianti formula?

Cabernet Sauvignon
Merlot

7

What is Italy's most planted white grape varietal?

Trebbiano Toscano
-commonly blended with Malvasia

8

Name the 4 white grapes of Tuscany

Trebbiano Toscano
Malvasia
Vernaccia
Vermentino

9

What year was Chianti elevated to DOCG?

1984

10

Name the 8 subzones of Chianti.

Classico
Rufina
Colli Fiorentino
Colli Senesi
Colline Pisane
Colli Aretini
Montalbano
Montespertoli (1997)

11

What Chianti subzone is considered the most consistent in quality and what producer dominates it?

Rufina
-The Frescobaldi firm.

12

Name the DOC locate within the Rufina Subzone and its only 2 producers.

Pomino DOC
-Frescobaldi
-Frattoria Selvapiana
(allows a higher percentage of international grape varieties than Chianti)

13

Who first defined the blend of Chianti in 1872?

Baron Bettino Ricasoli

14

What percentage of Sangiovese must Chianti DOCG contain?

70-100%
-except for Colli Senesi

15

What is the minimum percentage of Sangiovese required in Colli Senesi?

min. 75%

16

What are the 2 white grapes that may be added to Chianti DOCG?

Trebbiano Toscano
Malvasia
-max 10%

17

What is the maximum percentage of Cabernet allowed in Chianti?

15%

18

What is governo?

the traditional practice of re-fementation with the juice of dried grapes to strengthen the wine and initiate MLF in Chianti

19

What 3 subzones of Chianti require additional aging for Chianti normale?

Rufina
Montespertoli
Colli Fiorentini

20

What are the aging requirements for Chianti Riserva?

2 years

21

What are the requirements for Chianti Superiore?

-an additional half degree of alcohol
-lowered vineyard yields

22

Name the 4 villages of Chianit Classico.

Radda
Gaiole
Castellia
Greve

23

Name the 2 most common soil types of Chianti Classico.

galestro-marl
albarese-sandstone

24

What is the minimum percentage of Sangiovese required in Chianti Classico wines?

80%

25

As of what year were white grapes no longer allowed to be used in the Chianti Classico blend?

2006

26

What are the aging/ alcohol requirements for Chianti Classico?

-may not be released until October 1 of the year following harvest
-min. 12% abv

27

What is the aging/alcohol requirement for Chianti Classico Riserva?

-24 months aging from January 1 of the year following harvest including 3 months in bottle.
-min. 12.5% abv

28

What is Gran Selezione?

A new category of Chianti Classico introduced in 2013.

29

What are requirements of Gran Selezione?

-wines must be produced from estate fruit.
-Minimum 30 months aging from January 1 of the year following the harvest, including at least 3 months in the bottle
-min. 13% abv

30

Who is credited with the invention of the Brunello di Montalcino style?

Clemente Santi of Greppo's Biondi Santi
-first producer to isolate the Brunello clone and bottle it in 1865

31

Name 3 frazione of Montalcino.

Sant Angelo in Colle
Castelnuovo Abate
Torrenieri

32

What are the aging requirements for Brunello di Montalcino?

Minimum 2 years in wood plus 4 months in bottle, may not be sold before January 1 of the 5th year following the harvest.

33

Name 2 modern Brunello di Montalcino producers.

Casanova di Neri
Mastrojanni
-small barrels and shorter macerations

34

Name 3 traditional Brunello di Montalcino producers.

Biondi-Santi
Talenti
Soldera

35

Name the 3 DOCs of Montalcino.

Rosso di Montalcino DOC
Sant' Antimo DOC
Moscadello di Montalcino DOC

36

What is the aging requirement for Rosso di Montalcino?

Wines may not be released until September 1 of the year following the harvest. Cask not required.

37

What style of wine is produced in Sant' Antimo DOC

red or white "Super Tuscan" wines
- DOC created in 1996

38

What style of wines are produced in the Moscadello di Montalcino DOC?

White wines from the Moscadello (moscato bianco) grape

39

What is the blend of Carmignano DOCG?

min. 50% Sangiovese
10-20% Cabernet Franc and/or Cabernet Sauvignon

40

What is the blend of Rosso della Val di Cornia DOCG?

Min. 40% Sangiovese
Max. 60% combined Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon
Max. 20% of all other Tuscan grapes.

41

In what year was Rosso di Val di Cornia upgraded to DOCG?

2011

42

Name the former subzone of Rossco di Val Di Cornia that was ugraded to DOCG in 2011.

Suvereto DOCG

43

In what year did Bolgheri receive DOC status?

1994 for Red wines
1983 for white and rosé wines
-may produce pure examples of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot,Cabernet Franc, BDX blends or include Syrah and Sangiovese.

44

What are the aging requirements for Bolgheri Superiore?

2 years including 1 year in barrique
-min. alcohol 12.5%

45

What is the leading white grape for Bolgheri white wines?

Vermentino
-Sauvignon Blanc is also produced

46

In what year did Bolgheri Sassicaia DOC officially gain seperate status as an appellation?

2013

47

Who was exiled to Elba in 1814?

French Emperor Napoleon

48

Describe the wines of Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG

sweet, red passito wines made from the Aleatico grape

49

Aleatico has been genetically linked to what other grape varietal?

Muscat Blanc a Petite Grains
-possibly a red skinned mutation

50

What is the only white wine DOCG of Tuscany?

Vernaccia di San Gimignano
-a crisp, pink grapefruit-tinged white wine produced on sandy soils around the hilltop town of San Gimignano in the Siena Province

51

What is the only dessert one to reach DOCG status?

Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG

52

What grapes are used in Vin Santo production?

Trebbiano
MAlvasia
Grachetto is sometimes authorized

53

What is "Occhio di Pernice"?

rosé versions of Vin Santo
-produced with a min. 50% Sangiovese added to the white grapes.

54

What is the name of the barrels used to age Vin Santo and what type of wood is traditionally used?

Caratelli Barrels
-chestnut wood

55

If Vin Santo is fortified what is it labeled as?

liquoroso

56

What is the most exported Vin Santo?

Vin Santo del Chianti DOC

57

What is the Sangiovese clone used in Vino Nobile di Montpulciano?

Prugnolo Gentile
-min. 70%
-as of 2010 maximum 30% other Tuscan grapes and no more than 5% white grapes.

58

What are the aging requirements for Vino Nobile di Montpulciano?

-2 years, at least 1 year in oak
-3 years for Riserva

59

Where is the Morellino di Scansano DOCG located?

in the southern Maremma
-became a DOCG in 2006

60

What is the grape varietal of Morellino di Scansano DOCG?

min. 85% Sangiovese

61

Morellino di Scansano DOCG Riserva must be aged for ___ years min.

2