Flashcards in Tuscany Deck (61):
Who is Marquis Mario Roccheta?
Released the first vintage of Sassicaia in 1968
What is the climate of Tuscany?
What are the 3 main grapes of Tuscany?
Name 7 DOCGs in which Sangiovese is the main grape varietal.
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano
Morellino di Scansano
Brunello di Montalcino
Name 2 grape varietals used as blending partners for Sangiovese.
Colorino-adds color and power
Canaiolo-softens its attack
What 2 Bordeaux grape varietals may be added to the Chianti formula?
What is Italy's most planted white grape varietal?
-commonly blended with Malvasia
Name the 4 white grapes of Tuscany
What year was Chianti elevated to DOCG?
Name the 8 subzones of Chianti.
What Chianti subzone is considered the most consistent in quality and what producer dominates it?
-The Frescobaldi firm.
Name the DOC locate within the Rufina Subzone and its only 2 producers.
(allows a higher percentage of international grape varieties than Chianti)
Who first defined the blend of Chianti in 1872?
Baron Bettino Ricasoli
What percentage of Sangiovese must Chianti DOCG contain?
-except for Colli Senesi
What is the minimum percentage of Sangiovese required in Colli Senesi?
What are the 2 white grapes that may be added to Chianti DOCG?
What is the maximum percentage of Cabernet allowed in Chianti?
What is governo?
the traditional practice of re-fementation with the juice of dried grapes to strengthen the wine and initiate MLF in Chianti
What 3 subzones of Chianti require additional aging for Chianti normale?
What are the aging requirements for Chianti Riserva?
What are the requirements for Chianti Superiore?
-an additional half degree of alcohol
-lowered vineyard yields
Name the 4 villages of Chianit Classico.
Name the 2 most common soil types of Chianti Classico.
What is the minimum percentage of Sangiovese required in Chianti Classico wines?
As of what year were white grapes no longer allowed to be used in the Chianti Classico blend?
What are the aging/ alcohol requirements for Chianti Classico?
-may not be released until October 1 of the year following harvest
-min. 12% abv
What is the aging/alcohol requirement for Chianti Classico Riserva?
-24 months aging from January 1 of the year following harvest including 3 months in bottle.
-min. 12.5% abv
What is Gran Selezione?
A new category of Chianti Classico introduced in 2013.
What are requirements of Gran Selezione?
-wines must be produced from estate fruit.
-Minimum 30 months aging from January 1 of the year following the harvest, including at least 3 months in the bottle
-min. 13% abv
Who is credited with the invention of the Brunello di Montalcino style?
Clemente Santi of Greppo's Biondi Santi
-first producer to isolate the Brunello clone and bottle it in 1865
Name 3 frazione of Montalcino.
Sant Angelo in Colle
What are the aging requirements for Brunello di Montalcino?
Minimum 2 years in wood plus 4 months in bottle, may not be sold before January 1 of the 5th year following the harvest.
Name 2 modern Brunello di Montalcino producers.
Casanova di Neri
-small barrels and shorter macerations
Name 3 traditional Brunello di Montalcino producers.
Name the 3 DOCs of Montalcino.
Rosso di Montalcino DOC
Sant' Antimo DOC
Moscadello di Montalcino DOC
What is the aging requirement for Rosso di Montalcino?
Wines may not be released until September 1 of the year following the harvest. Cask not required.
What style of wine is produced in Sant' Antimo DOC
red or white "Super Tuscan" wines
- DOC created in 1996
What style of wines are produced in the Moscadello di Montalcino DOC?
White wines from the Moscadello (moscato bianco) grape
What is the blend of Carmignano DOCG?
min. 50% Sangiovese
10-20% Cabernet Franc and/or Cabernet Sauvignon
What is the blend of Rosso della Val di Cornia DOCG?
Min. 40% Sangiovese
Max. 60% combined Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon
Max. 20% of all other Tuscan grapes.
In what year was Rosso di Val di Cornia upgraded to DOCG?
Name the former subzone of Rossco di Val Di Cornia that was ugraded to DOCG in 2011.
In what year did Bolgheri receive DOC status?
1994 for Red wines
1983 for white and rosé wines
-may produce pure examples of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot,Cabernet Franc, BDX blends or include Syrah and Sangiovese.
What are the aging requirements for Bolgheri Superiore?
2 years including 1 year in barrique
-min. alcohol 12.5%
What is the leading white grape for Bolgheri white wines?
-Sauvignon Blanc is also produced
In what year did Bolgheri Sassicaia DOC officially gain seperate status as an appellation?
Who was exiled to Elba in 1814?
French Emperor Napoleon
Describe the wines of Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG
sweet, red passito wines made from the Aleatico grape
Aleatico has been genetically linked to what other grape varietal?
Muscat Blanc a Petite Grains
-possibly a red skinned mutation
What is the only white wine DOCG of Tuscany?
Vernaccia di San Gimignano
-a crisp, pink grapefruit-tinged white wine produced on sandy soils around the hilltop town of San Gimignano in the Siena Province
What is the only dessert one to reach DOCG status?
Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG
What grapes are used in Vin Santo production?
Grachetto is sometimes authorized
What is "Occhio di Pernice"?
rosé versions of Vin Santo
-produced with a min. 50% Sangiovese added to the white grapes.
What is the name of the barrels used to age Vin Santo and what type of wood is traditionally used?
If Vin Santo is fortified what is it labeled as?
What is the most exported Vin Santo?
Vin Santo del Chianti DOC
What is the Sangiovese clone used in Vino Nobile di Montpulciano?
-as of 2010 maximum 30% other Tuscan grapes and no more than 5% white grapes.
What are the aging requirements for Vino Nobile di Montpulciano?
-2 years, at least 1 year in oak
-3 years for Riserva
Where is the Morellino di Scansano DOCG located?
in the southern Maremma
-became a DOCG in 2006
What is the grape varietal of Morellino di Scansano DOCG?
min. 85% Sangiovese