Types Of Matter Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Types Of Matter Quiz Deck (79):
1

1. Elements

Made of only ______ type of atom

One

2

1. Elements

Set of ______ properties to _______ them

Unique
Identify

3

1. Elements

_______ naturally occurring

92

4

1. Elements

Organised on _________ _________ with _______ symbols

Periodic table
Chemical

5

2. Molecules

________ elements __________ combined

2+
Chemically

6

2. Molecules

_________ may combine with _____ elements

Or

_________ may combine with _____ elements

Elements
Similar
Elements
Different

7

3. Atoms

Atoms are the _____ parts of an _______ that still have the properties of an element

Smallest
Elements

8

3. Atoms

Atoms are EXTREMELY ______

Small

9

3. Atoms

Atoms have __ parts

3

10

3. Atoms

Elements are different because they have different _____ ______

Proton numbers

11

3. Atoms

Protons have a _______ charge

Positive

12

3. Atoms

Protons are located in the ______

Nucleus

13

3. Atoms

Neutrons have a _______ charge

None

14

3. Atoms

Electrons have a ________ charge

Negative

15

3. Atoms

Neutrons a located in the ______

Nucleus

16

3. Atoms

Electrons are located in the ______

Electron clouds

17

4. Compounds

____ _______ elements ________ combined

2+
Different
Chemically

18

4. Compounds

_______ react with eachother

Elements

19

4. Compounds

Have ______ props. than the ______ elements

Different
Individual

20

4. Compounds

Can be _______ by _____ reactions

Separated
Chemical

21

4. Compounds
A. Electrolysis

Uses _____ current

Electric

22

4. Compounds
A. Electrolysis

Separates ______ into H and O

Water

23

4. Compounds
A. Electrolysis

Used to obtain aluminium, _______, peroxide

Copper

24

5. Mixtures

_____ substances that are mixed but ___ chemically ______

2+
Not
Combined

25

5. Mixtures

___ chemical changes occur

No

26

5. Mixtures

_____ of parts ____ ___ change

Identities
Do
Not

27

5. Mixtures

Can be separated ____ _____ ____

With
physical
Change

28

5. Mixtures
Homogeneous

Appears to be ____ same _____

One
Substance

29

5. Mixtures
Homogeneous

Example: ________

Butter

30

5. Mixtures
Heterogeneous

Can see _______ substances

Different

31

5. Mixtures
Heterogeneous

Examples

Granite rock

32

5. Mixtures
Suspension

_____ where particles disperse but may ____

Mixture
Settle out

33

5. Mixtures
Suspension

Parts of the mixture are ___ ___

Easily
Seen

34

5. Mixtures
Suspension

Can be separated by _____ __ ______ _ _____

Passing
It
Through
A
Filter

35

5. Mixtures
Suspension

Example

Snow globe

36

5. Mixtures
Colloids

___ with props. of both _____ and ______

Mixture
Solution
Suspension

37

5. Mixtures
Colloids

____ particles are ___ pretty well and do not __

Small
Mixed
Settle

38

5. Mixtures
Colloids

Solids, ____, and ____ make _____ ____

Liquids
Gases
Light
Scatter

*not sure about light scatter*

39

5. Mixtures
Colloids

____ be separated by filteration

Can't

40

5. Mixtures
Colloids

Example

Butter

41

5. Mixtures
Solutions

Looks like ____ substance

One

42

5. Mixtures
Solutions

_____ substances ______ distributed

2+
Evenly

43

3. Atoms
Label


❌ ❌
❌➕ ➖ ❌
❌ ➖➕ ❌
❌➕ ➖ ❌
❌ ❌

❌ = electrons with a negative charge
➕ = protons with a positive charge
➖ = neutrons with no charge

44

3. Atoms

___________
I 16 I
I S I
I Sulfur I
I I
I 32.1 I
I__________I

16 = atomic number
S = chemical symbol
Sulfur = element name
32.1 = atomic mass

45

Define element

Simplest pure substance.

Made with one type of atom.

Has a set of unique props to identify it.

Organised on the periodic table by chemical symbols

46

Smallest part of an element

Atom

47

Examples of an element

Tantalum
Gold
Lead
Silver
Carbon
Oxygen
Hydrogen
Ect.

48

Draw an element atom


⚫️ ⚫️
⚫️ ⚫️
⚫️ ⚫️ ⚫️
⚫️
⚫️ ⚫️
⚫️ ⚫️

49

Define compound

Molecules made of 2+ different elements chemically combined

50

Smallest part of a compound

Molecule

51

Examples of a compound

Water H2O
Or
Any other thing with two or more Capitol letters

52

Draw a compound atom

🔴⭕️🔴 🔴
⭕️
🔴⭕️🔴 🔴
🔴⭕️🔴 🔴⭕️🔴

🔴⭕️🔴 🔴⭕️🔴 🔴⭕️🔴

53

Define mixture

2+ substances that are mixed but not chemically combined.

No chemical change happens

Identity doesn't change

Can be separated

54

Smallest part of a mixture

Molecule

55

Examples of a mixture

Butter
Granite rock
Snow globe
Ect.

56

Draw a mixture atom

🔴⭕️🔴 🔴
⚫️ ⭕️ ⚫️
⚫️ 🔴⭕️🔴 🔴 ⚫️

⚫️ 🔴 🔴⭕️🔴
🔴⭕️🔴 ⭕️
🔴 ⚫️ ⚫️
⚫️ 🔴⭕️🔴 🔴⭕️🔴 🔴⭕️🔴

57

Props of an element

Pure
One kind of atom
Has a boiling point
Has a freezing point
Ect

58

What is the periodic table

A chart that organises elements by their chemical symbols

59

Props of a compound

Made of two elements chemically combined
*please send me more*

60

What are some properties of a mixture

Two elements physically combined
*please send me more*

61

Compare and contrast homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures



Homo | Same | Hetero
___________|___________|___________
Appears to | mixtures | can see
1 substance| | different parts
| |

62

Why is granite a heterogeneous mixture

You can see the different substances

63

What is a solution

Looks like one substance

2+ substances

Evenly distributed

64

What is a colloid

Mixture

Props of a suspension and a solution

Small particles are mixed will not settle

65

What is a suspension

Mixture

Will settle

Parts are easily seen

Can be seperated

66

_ diamond (C)

Element

67

_ sugar (C6H12O6)

Compound

68

_milk

Mixture

69

_energy

None

70

_electricity

None

71

_gold (Au)

Element

72

_salt (NaCl)

Compound

73

_air

Mixture

74

⚫️⚪️⚫️ ⚪️
⚫️
⚪️ ⚪️
⚫️
⚪️ ⚫️⚪️⚫️

Mixture of 2 compounds

75

⚪️
⚪️⚫️⚪️ ⚫️
⚪️ ⚪️
⚫️
⚪️

Pure compound

76

⚪️
⚪️
⚪️
⚪️
⚪️
⚪️

Pure element

77

⚪️
⚪️ ⚫️

⚫️⚪️
⚪️

Mixture of a compound and an element

78

⚪️ ⚫️
⚫️
⚪️
⚫️ ⚪️

Mixture of two elements

79

1. Elements

Simplest yup of ________ substance

Pure