U8 - Cardiovascular System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in U8 - Cardiovascular System Deck (51):
1

analgesic

to relieve pain

2

anastomosis

a surgical joining of two ducts, blood vessels, or bowel segments

3

aneurysm

localized dilation of a weakened area in the wall of an artery

4

angina pectoris

chest pain due to an inadequate supply of oxygen to the heart muscle

5

angiography

process of recording the internal anatomy of the blood vessels

6

anomaly

deviation from normal

7

arrhythmia

deviation from the normal rhythm of the heart

8

arteriosclerosis

hardening and thickening of the arteries

9

ascites

an abnormal collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity

10

asystole

absence of heart contractions

11

atherosclerosis

build-up of fatty debris on the inner walls of arteries

12

bradycardia

abnormally slow heart rate

13

cardiac tamponade

compression of the heart due to an accumulation of fluid

14

cardiology

the study of the heart

15

cardiomyopathy

disease of the heart muscle

16

carditis

inflammation of the heart

17

coronary artery

an artery that supplies the heart muscle with blood

18

diastole

relaxation phase of the heart

19

echocardiography

process of recording the structure and function of the heart

20

edema

abnormal collection of fluid in the interstitial spaces

21

electrocardiogram

record of the electrical activity of the heart

22

endocarditis

inflammation of the inner lining of the heart

23

epicardium

the innermost layer of the pericardium

24

fibrillation

inefficient random contraction of a chamber of the heart

25

hyperlipidemia

excessive level of fat in the blood

26

hypertension

abnormally high blood pressure

27

hypotension

abnormally low blood pressure

28

infarction

a localized area of necrosis in tissue

29

ischemia

decreased supply of oxygenated blood to a body part

30

lipid

fat found in the blood

31

lumen

a cavity or channel within any organ

32

malaise

a vague feeling of body weakness or discomfort

33

myocardial infarction

necrosis of a portion of the heart muscle

34

myocarditis

inflammation of the heart muscle

35

myocardium

the middle muscular layer of the heart

36

occlusion

closure or the state of being closed

37

pallor

lack of colour

38

palpable

detectable by touch

39

palpitation

a pounding or racing of the heart

40

pericarditis

inflammation of the membranous sac around the heart

41

pitting edema

swelling that when pressed with a finger will maintain the dent

42

precordium

area of the chest over the heart

43

pulmonary artery

an artery that carries deoxygenated blood

44

pulmonary vein

a vein that carries oxygenated blood

45

septum

a wall dividing two cavities

46

systole

contraction phase of the heart

47

tachycardia

abnormally rapid heart rate

48

thrombophlebitis

inflammation of a vein due to the formation of a clot

49

thrombosis

the formation of a clot in a blood vessel

50

varicose veins

enlarged superficial veins

51

vasoconstriction

narrowing of the lumen of a blood vessel