Understanding Business Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Understanding Business Chapter 11 Deck (25):
1

Human Resource Management (HRM)

The process of determining human resource needs and then recruiting. selecting. developing. motivating. evaluating. compensating and scheduling employees to achieve organizational goals.

2

Reverse Discrimination

Discrimination against whites or males in hiring or promoting.

3

Job Analysis

A study of what employees do who hold various job titles.

4

Job Description

A summary of the objectives of the job. the type of work to be done. the responsibilities and duties. the working conditions and the relationship of the job to other functions.

5

Job Specifications

A written summary of the minimal qualifications required of workers to do a particular job.

6

Recruitment

The set of activities used to obtain a sufficient number of the right employees at the right time.

7

Selection

The process of gathering information and deciding who should be hired. under legal guidelines. to serve the best interests of the individual and the organization.

8

Contingent Workers

Employees that Include part-time workers. temporary workers. seasonal workers. independent contractors. interns. and co-op students.

9

Training and Development

All attempts to improve productivity by increasing an employee's ability to perform. Training focuses on short-term skills. development on long-term abilities.

10

On-The-Job-Training

Training at the workplace that lets the employee learn by doing or by watching others for a while and then imitating them.

11

Apprentice Programs

Training programs during which a learner works alongside an experienced employee to master the skills and procedures of a craft.

12

Off-The-Job-Training

Internal or external training programs away from the workplace that develop any of a variety of skills or foster personal development.

13

Online Training

Training programs in which employees complete classes via the Internet.

14

Vestibule Training

Training done in schools where employees are taught on equipment similar to that used on the job.

15

Job Simulation

The use of equipment that duplicates job conditions and tasks so trainees can learn skills before attempting them on the job.

16

Management Development

The process of training and educating employees to become good managers and then monitoring the progress of their managerial skills over time.

17

Networking

The process of establishing and maintaining contacts with key managers in and outside the organization and using those contacts to weave strong relationships that serve as informal development systems.

18

Mentor

An experienced employee who supervises. coaches and guides lower-level employees by introducing them to the right people and generally being their organizational sponsor.

19

Performance Appraisal

An evaluation that measures employee performance against established standards in order to make decisions about promotions. compensation. training or termination.

20

Fringe Benefits

Benefits such as sick leave pay. vacation pay. pension plans. and health plans that represent additional compensation beyond base wages.

21

Cafeteria-Style Fringe Benefits

Fringe benefits plan that allows employees to choose the benefits they want up to a certain dollar amount.

22

Flextime Plan

Work schedule that gives employees some freedom to choose when to work. as long as they work the required number of hours.

23

Core Time

In a flextime plan. the period when all employees are expected to be at their job stations.

24

Compressed Workweek

Work schedule that allows an employee to work a full number of hours per week but in fewer days.

25

Job Sharing

An arrangement whereby two part-time employees share one full-time job.