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Flashcards in unit 1 Deck (60):
1

furnish

提供必要的东西;

2

establish

建立;使定居;

3

hasty

匆忙仓促草率;

4

owl

猫头鹰;

5

denote

表示,意味着;

6

dictate

口述,命令;

7

lame

跛的,有缺陷的;

8

stiff

僵直的,呆板的,拘谨的,艰难费劲的;

9

propaganda

n.宣传;

10

prescribe

指示规定;开处方;

11

overlook

俯瞰眺望;漏看忽略;宽容放任;

12

seam

接缝;

13

lease

租约;出租;

14

manipulate

操作,控制;操纵,控制,影响;

15

enormous

巨大的,庞大的;

16

evident

明显的,明白的;

17

dynamic

电动的,有生气的;

18

solidarity

团结一致;

19

pit

陷阱;矿井;

20

decay

腐烂;衰退;

21

numerous

众多的;

22

element

元素,组成部分;

23

probably there is no one here who has not in the course of the day had occasion to set in motion a complex train of reasoning of the very same kind ,through differing in degree ,as that which a scientific man goes goes through in tracing the causes of natural phenomena.

在座的诸位中,大概不会有人一整天都没有机会进行一连串复杂的思考活动,这些思考活动与科学家在探索自然现象的原因时所经历的思考活动,尽管复杂程度不同,但在类型上是完全一样的。

24

deny

否认,拒绝;

25

instrumental

起作用的,有帮助的;乐器的;

26

cellar

地下室;

27

manual

手工的,体力的;手册;

28

generally, the idea of good science tends to become confused with the capacity of the field in question to generate an elegant theory .

一般来说,人们往往将好科学的概念同该科学是否有能力产生一套完美的理论相混淆。

29

banking on the confusion between educational and vocational reasons for bringing computers into schools,computer advocates often emphasize the job prospects of graduates over their educational achievement.

寄希望于混淆将计算机引入学校的教育原因和职业原因,主张计算机教育的人往往强调毕业生的就业背景,而忽视其学业成绩。

30

constant

持续不断的,永恒不变的,坚定忠实的;
常熟,恒量;

31

siege

包围围攻;

32

psychology

心理学;

33

pillar

台柱,栋梁;

34

radical

基本的,根本的,重要的;
激进的,极端的;

35

sip

一小口;

36

diffuse

扩散,散布,传播;
(文章)冗长的,无边际的;

37

subject to

使服从于;

38

tile

瓦片,瓷砖;

39

invasion

侵入,侵略;

40

precedent

先例,惯例;

41

critical

批评的,评论的;
危急的,紧要的;
挑剔的;
be critical of 爱挑毛病的;

42

commit

交托给,提交;
犯错误,干坏事;
commit oneself to 是自己承担;
commit crimes 犯罪;

43

much of this

所有这一切;

44

stoop

弯腰,俯身;

45

rather ,we have a certain of the American citizen ,a character who is incomplete if he cannot competently assess how his livelihood and happiness are affected by things outside outside of himself .

倒不如说,我们对美国公民有某种观念:如果他不能恰当地评估自己的生计和幸福是如何受到身外之物的影响的,那么他的个性就是不完整的;

46

inertia

惰性;
惯性;
initiative 主动的,首倡的;

47

plausible

似乎合理的,似乎可信的;

48

odd though it sounds,cosmic inflation is a scientifically plausible consequence of some respected ideas in elementaryparticle physics ,and many astrophysicists have been convinced for the better part of a decade that it is true .

宇宙膨胀说虽然听似奇特,但是它是基本粒子物理学中一些公认的概念在科学上看来可信的结论。许多天体物理学家七八年来一直认为宇宙膨胀说是正确的;

49

envious

羡慕嫉妒的,含积极意义;
jealous,消极意义;

50

blur

模糊不清的;
污点;

51

lest

唯恐,免得;

52

mat

席子,垫子;

53

intelligible

可理解的,易领悟的;
清楚地;

54

provision

供应品;
准备,预备;
条款,规定;

55

portrait

肖像,画像;

56

torch

手电筒,火把;

57

dormitory

集体宿舍(dorm);

58

drain

排水沟;
流出消耗;
排出放干;

59

vocal

嗓音的,发声的;
直言不讳的;
声乐节目;

60

occurrence

发生出现;
事件事故;