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Flashcards in UNIT 1 Deck (56):
1

TRUNK(n) /trank/


The thick main stem of a tree, from which it's branches grow.









Tronco

2

BARK(n) /ba:k/

The hard outer covering of a tree.








Corteza

3

BRANCH(n) /bra:nch/

One of the parts of a tree that grows out from the main trunk and has leaves, flowers, or fruit on it.

Ex: The fruit on the lower branches was protected from the sun.




Rama

4

Optician(n) /ɒpˈtɪʃ.ən/

Sn: optometrist

a person whose job is fitting and selling glasses and contact lenses to correct sight problems, but who does not examine people's eyes







= Oculista

5

VEST(n) /vest/

uk (us undershirt) a type of underwear, often with no sleeves, that covers the upper part of the body, worn for extra warmth

6

Drapes (U.K.) /dreɪps/

curtain(us)

7

Blunt(adj) /blʌnt/

A blunt pencil, knife, etc. is not sharp and therefore not able to write, cut, etc. well.
= I need to buy a new knife, my current one is blunt.

saying what you think without trying to be polite or considering other people's feelings.
Ex: I'll be blunt with you; that last piece of work you did was terrible.


= Desafilado, directo

8

PULL SOMEONE'S LEG

To tell someone something that is not true as a way of joking with the person:

Ex: Stop pulling my leg – you didn’t tell her I was in love of her!!

9

Hate(v) /heɪt/

Dislike
Detest
Despise sb
Loathe /loud/
Abhor /abjor/

10

HANDCUFFS(n) /ˈhænd.kʌfs/

two metal or plastic rings joined by a short chain that lock around a prisoner's wrists.

Ex: police usually carry handcuffs, and sometimes guns.





= Esposas

11

RECEIPT(n) /rɪˈsiːt/

sales slip

a piece of paper that proves that money, goods, or information have been received.

Ex: I can't return this t-shirt because I lost the receipt

12

RECIPE(n) /ˈres.ɪ.pi/

a set of instructions telling you how to prepare and cook food, including a list of what food is needed for this.

Ex:
Do you know a good recipe for wholemeal bread?





= Receta

13

GATE-CRASHER(n) /ˈɡeɪtˌkræʃ·ər/

a person who goes to a party without being invited to it:

Ex:
The party was ruined by a couple of noisy, rude gate-crashers.






=colado

14

BEETLE(n) /ˈbiː.təl/

Cucarrón

15

PANTS(us/aud)

Trousers(U.K.)/ˈtraʊ.zər/

16

UNDERWEAR(US)

Pants(UK)

17

AISLE(n) /ail/


a long, narrow space between rows of seats in an aircraft, cinema, or church:

Ex:
Would you like an aisle seat or would you prefer to be by the window?



Pasillo

18

AIL(v)/eɪl/


[ T ] formal to cause difficulty and problems for someone or something:
The government seems to have no understanding of what ails the country.

19

OWN(n, adj) /oun/

A2 belonging to or done by a particular person or thing:
Ex:
Each neighbourhood in New York has its own characteristics.






Tener, poseer

20

OWN(n, adj) /oun/

A2 belonging to or done by a particular person or thing:
Each neighbourhood in New York has its own characteristics.

21

SWORD(n) /so:d/

Ex:
The knight raised his sword to deal a fatal blow to his enemy







Espada

22

WARD(n) /wo:d/

one of the parts or large rooms into which a hospital is divided, usually with beds for patients:
Ex:
a geriatric/maternity/psychiatric ward







Sala hospital

23

DEIGN(v) /dein/

deign to do sth

to do something unwillingly and in a way that shows that you think you are too important to do it:

If she deigns to reply to my letter, I'll be extremely surprised.




Dignarse

24

PLAIN(adj) /pleɪn/

not decorated in any way; with nothing added:
Ex:
She wore a plain black dress.

We've chosen a plain carpet (= one without a pattern) and patterned curtains.





Sencillo

25

FORESEEABLE FUTURE(n) /fo:siablol/

Futuro próximo

Futuro previsible

26

GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY(n)

Excelente/gran oportunidad

27

LAME EXCUSE(n) /leim ɪkˈskjuːz/

Mala excusa
Excusa floja/lamentable

28

RADICAL CHANGE(n) /radicol tʃeɪndʒ/

Cambio radical

29

RECENT PAST(n) /risent past/

Pasado reciente

30

THROW ABOUT(v): /throu abaut/

As the boat was thrown about by the huge waves, we all got seasick.



Zarandear
Jugar

31

ATTRACT(v) /atract/

Cócora Parck attracts hundred of tourist every month. But this month, the special exhibition is attraction the doble.






Atraer

32

SPLIT UP(v) /split ap/

If two people split up, they end their relationship or marriage.

My fathers split up when I was 16 and it was really difficult situation.






Separarse

33

FALL OFF(v): /fo:l of/

If the amount, rate, or quality of something falls off, it becomes smaller or lower.

I fell off the leader and sprained.
Sales has been falling off recently.


CAERSE, DESPRENDERSE

34

SPRAIN(v) /sprein/

To cause an injury to a join(a place were two bones are conectes) by a sudden movement.
Ex:

I sprained my knee in the first week of my university.


Hacerse un esguince
Torcerse

35

TEAM UP(v): /ti:m up/

US forces teamed up with Britain force to defeat Germany in the Word war II.

Shakira and Carlos Vives teamed up for a charity performance




Unirse, aliarse



36

GET ON(v)

: to have a good relationship

My brother and I have got on since we were child.
My mother didn't get on with my sister when she was teenager.
Our cat and I have been getting on recently


: llevarse bien

37

SPEND: things you enjoy

1. I'm really enjoy..going swimming.
2. I'm really into..learning English
3. I'm a ..(n).. fanatic/ enthusiast
4. He's a ..neat freak../sport nut
5. Whenever I have the chance I..go swimming.
6. I..go to the cinema..whenever I can.
7. When I'm not working...I love go surfing
8. My social live revolves around my English school.

38

PASS: things are OK

1. If I've got sometime in my hands I...
2. If I've got a spare minuto,hour I...
3. If I've got sometime to kill, I...

39

SPEND: things you don't enjoy

1. I'm not fussy about...
2. I'm not really into...
3. I can think in better things to do with my time than..
4. I think....... is a total este of time
5. The last thing I want to do when I have some spare time is ....

40

WASTE

1. I've got a tendency of waste time
2 I tend to spend a lot of time...
3. I don't manage my time very well.

41

I'M BUSY: how to say I'm busy

1.I'm totally snowed under with...
2. I'm up to my ears in work
3. I'm rush of my feet
4. I'm really pushed for time

42

I'M NOT BUSY: how to say you're not busy

1. I've have all the time in the word
2. I'm not in a hurry/ I'm in no hurry
3. I'm not pushed for time at all
4. I've got a bit of time on my hands

43

LINKING FORMAL WORDS

- therefore/de.for/
- moreover
- nevertheless /nevedeles/
- in order to
- furthermore/fodemor/
- however /jauevar/

LINKING INFORMAL WORDS

- therefore/ so/: for that reason= por lo tanto
- moreover/ also: also and more importantly= además
- nevertheless/ anyway: despite what has just been said or referred to= sin embargo, aún así
- in order to/ to:
- furthermore/ plus, and/: in addition, more importantly= es más, además
- however/ but/: no matter how= sin embargo, no obstante

44

MOAN

C2 to make a long, low sound of pain, suffering, or another strong emotion:
He moaned with pain before losing consciousness.
"Let me die," he moaned.

45

THERE IS NOTHING QUITE LIKE...

- Having vacations with all your family.

- getting home and have your meal ready.

-

46

TO PUT YOUR FEET UP

To relax, specially by sitting with your feet supported above the ground.

47

COUCH POTATO /kautch poteitou/

A person who watches a lot of television and does not have an active live( Homer Simpson)

48

THE BOX
THE IDIOT BOX

The TV

49

ESCAPISM /i'skeipisom

It's a form of scape.

A way of avoiding an unpleasant or boring life, especially by thinking, reading, etc. About more exciting but imposible things.

Coming to Australia is being an escapism



Evasión de la realidad

50

TO LONG FOR STH/ LONG TO DO STH

: to want something very much

Ex
I long to see my family again

I'm longing for news of my father



Ansiar

51

OUT OF THE BLUE

If something happens out of the blue, it is completely unexpected.

One day, out of the blue, I'll announce my return.




: inesperadamente

52

AT DUSK/dask/

The time before the night when it is not yet dark.

Ex:
The mosquitoes come out at dusk.

As dusk fell, bats began to fly between the trees.




Anochecer
Crepúsculo

53

TO PATRONIZE SB/patronaize/

To speak to or behave towards someone as if they are stupid or not important.

Stop patronizing me- I understand the play as well as you do.

54

QUANTIFIERS-RULES

COUNTABLE & UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

- some/ any(questions and negative)

- (not) enough

- half/ all (of)

- a lot/ lots of

- more/ most

- no

- plenty of

55

QUANTIFIERS-RULES

COUNTABLE NOUNS

-(a) few
- (not) many
- one/both/two/three
- each of
- either(1 of 2)/ neither(0 of 2)
- several of
- the whole

56

QUANTIFIERS-RULES

UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

- (a) little
- (not) much
- less
- a little bit of