unit 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in unit 14 Deck (64):
1

crani/o

skull

2

vertebr/o
Spondyl/o
rachi/o

spine,vertebral column

3

lumb/o
lumbar

lover back area

4

cervical vertebrae

c-1 to c-7

5

thoracic

T-1 to T-12

6

lumbar

L-1 to L-5

7

clavic/o
clavicle

collar bone

8

scapul/o
Scapula

shoulder blade

9

humer/o
humerus

upper arm bone

10

stern/o
sternum

breastbone

11

cost/o
costals

ribs

12

chonar/o

cartilage

13

phalang/o
phalanges

fingers or toes bone

14

carp/o
carpals

bones of wrist

15

tars/o
tarsals

ankle bones

16

ilium

part of hip bone

17

femor/o
femur

upper leg bone

18

patell/o
patella

knee cap

19

fibul/o
fibula

lower leg bone

20

alignment

placing fractured bones into correct anatomical position

21

ambulate

able to walk

22

ambulatory

pertaining to walking

23

deformity/deformed

distortion of any part of the body

24

dislocate/dislocation

temporary displacement of a bone from its joint

25

immobilize/ immobilization

making a part or limb so that it cannot be move

26

orthopod

orthopedist

27

reduce/reduction

restoring a fractured bone to its normal postion

28

symmetry

both sides being equal

29

traction

pulling force on a limb to return bone or joint to normal position

30

CR

closed reduction

31

CRIF

closed reduction internal fixation (fracture treatment)

32

ORIF

open reduction internal fixation (surgical fracture treatment)

33

arthr/o

joints

34

ten/o
tend/o
Tendin/o

tendon

35

burs/o

Bursa
sac that acts like cushion

36

ligament

connect bone to bone

37

synovial fluid

acts as lubricant

38

symphysis joint

not a moveable joint,
bones grow together with cartilage and function as one

39

menisc/o

cartilage within joint

40

oste/o

bone

41

myel/o

bone marrow or spinal cord

42

my/o myos/o

muscle

43

ankylosis

loss of mobility in a joint

44

ankyl/o

stiff

45

intercostal

pertaining between the ribs

46

superacostal

above the ribs

47

-clasis

to break surgically

48

-Desis

surgical fusion

49

lord/o

bent forward

50

kyph/o

hump, humpback

51

myoasthenia

muscle weakness

52

osteoathritis

inflammation of bones and joints

53

orthopedic surgeon

specializes in bones

54

kinesiology

study of movement and motion of muscle

55

Fx

fracture

56

disl

dislocation

57

ROM

range of motion

58

OT

occupational therapy

59

PT

physical therapy

60

OA

osteoarthritis

61

Ht.

height

62

Wt.

weight

63

Ortho

orthopedics

64

MD

muscular distrophy