Unit 17 - Stocks and Shares Flashcards Preview

Business English - 2. Semester > Unit 17 - Stocks and Shares > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 17 - Stocks and Shares Deck (27):
1

a person or company that looks after someone else's money, stocks and shares, etc.

asset manager

2

a time when the price of shares is falling and a lot of people are selling them

bear market

3

A company or investment that can be trusted and is not likely to fail.

blue chip

4

the group of people who shareholders choose to manage a company or organization

board of directors

5

time when the prices of most shares are rising

bull market

6

a share or shares of a company providing the owner with a right to vote at shareholder meetings and to receive a part of the company profits as a dividend

common stock / ordinary stock

7

(a part of) the profit of a company that is paid to the people who own shares in it

dividend

8

the value of a company, which is divided into many equal parts owned by the shareholders, or one of the equal parts into which the value of a company is divided

equity

9

an amount of money borrowed by a government, or the official document relating to this

Government bonds

10

a financial service where money is invested (= given to companies hoping to get more back) in a way which tries to make very big profits, but which has a big risk

Hedge fund

11

a sum of money that is invested in a stock index (= a fixed set of shares on a particular stock market). Investors buy parts of the fund, which has low costs because it is not managed.

index fund/ exchange traded fund (ETF)

12

the first sale of a company's shares to the public

initial public offering (IPO)/flotation

13

a company whose shares can be traded on a country's main stock market

listed company

14

a price which is likely to be paid for something

market price

15

the value of a share, bond, etc. when it is made available for sale for the first time:

nominal value

16

a supply of money which many people pay into, especially employees of a company, and which is invested (= given to companies hoping to get more back) in order to provide them with a pension when they are older

pension fund

17

a collection of company shares and other investments that are owned by a particular person or organization

portfolio

18

a share or group of shares in a company that gives the owner the right to receive a dividend (= part of the company's profit) before dividends are paid to owners of common shares, or when dividends on common shares are not paid at all

preferred stock/ preference shares

19

a person who owns some of the equal parts into which the ownership of a company is divided

shareholder

20

a place where parts of the ownership of companies are bought and sold, or the organization of people whose job is to do this buying or selling

stock exchange

21

a person or company that buys and sells stocks and shares for other people

stockbroker

22

part of the ownership of a company which people buy as an investment (= to make a profit)

stocks/shares

23

to include something when you are doing a calculation, or when you are trying to understand something

to factor in

24

to start selling shares in a business or company for the first time

to float a company

25

a company that goes public makes shares available on a stock market for the first time

to go public

26

to sell shares before you own it by borrowing them off a conventional fund so that when the share price fall you make profit by buying them back

to short shares

27

If a bank or other organization underwrites an activity, it gives it financial support and takes responsibility for paying any costs if it fails.

to underwrite