Unit 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (51):
1

Materials that have a long life and resist fading (high-quality)

Archival

2

Rapidly produced scribble drawing used to capture mass, form, and movement

Gesture

3

An outline drawing (lines only)

Contour

4

Any artwork that is created to give a visual description (very detailed or highly finished)

Illustration

5

Preliminary drawings that are created before the painting (used by artist to work out problems with design, tones, and details

Cartoon

6

Drawing(writing) with thick and thin lines

Calligraphy

7

Artist paper made from 100% cotton

Rag paper

8

Color in ground-up powdered state

Pigment

9

Any material added to the medium to make it stick to the surface

Binder

10

A liquid solvent added to the pigments to dilute and aid in spreading or moving the medium

Vehicle

11

The way the artist applies or works with medium

Technique

12

Using dots to create images

Pointillism

13

Drawing or painting technique that allows the medium to run or spread using lots of vehicle

Wash

14

Completing a painting in one sitting

Alla Prima

15

Painting on location or outdoors

Plein Air

16

Artist pencils consist of quality __ mixed with __, then kiln fired and encased in __

Graphite; Clay; Wood

17

Represents hard and makes light lines or marks

H

18

The __ the number the __ the graphite (2B, 4B, and 6B)

Bigger; Softer

19

A drawing media that is carbon and is the fastest drawing media

Charcoal

20

Thin sticks/vines and soft light marks (type of charcoal)

Vine Charcoal

21

Harder sticks that make darker marks (type of charcoal)

Compressed

22

Crayon made of quality pigment and a wax or grease binder

Conte'

23

Similar to conte', only incased in wood like a pencil

Color Pencil

24

A drier chalk colored stick of material allows for easier blending and somewhat crumbly and brittle (like charcoal)

Pastel

25

Liquid drawing medium applied with pens the creates various line thickness

Ink

26

A transparent medium usually applied in washes or drybrush on rag paper

Watercolor

27

Watercolor like medium but with white pigments added to make it more opaque

Gouache

28

Painting medium that uses egg yolk as the binder

Tempera

29

Painting method that allows the paint to be absorbed in the final layer of the paster wall

Fresco

30

Micheloangelo's "Sistene Chapel ceiling" used what painting method

Fresco

31

Pigments mixed with linseed oil and diluted with mineral spirits

Oil

32

Creating an artwork with ceramic tiles or colored glass

Mosaic

33

Using pictures, paper, and other materials to create a "painting"

Collage

34

Arrangement of colored into a design or picture

Stained Glass

35

Graphic Art =

Communication arts

36

The artist creates simplified and stylized designs or logos with constrasting and intense colors

Graphic art

37

Graphic artist communicate a message __ and effectively

quickly

38

Printmaking can be __ or __

Reproduction ; Original Print/Artist Print

39

A commercially printed copy of an original artwork, inexpensive, and not valuable

Reproduction

40

How many colors are used by commercial printing

4

41

4 colors used by commercial printing

cyan, magenta, yellow, and black

42

A print created and printed by the artist and intended to be the original art

Original Print/ Artist Print

43

In the artist print, the artist creates his own print plates or blocks in __

Reverse

44

4 types of printmaking

Relief, Intaglio, Lithography, and Serigraphy

45

A print created from the raised surface after carving away negative space (Woodcut, Blockprint, and Linocut)

Relief Printing

46

Considered relief because it physically takes on the raised surface of the block

Embossing

47

__ is the opposite of relief because it prints from the indented surface and lines are etched into a __

Intaglio; metal plate

48

The artist draws the image with a needle tool in a retardant material covering the plate

Etching

49

The method where the image is etched by hand using a burin to cut lines in the plate

Engraving

50

Drawn with a grease pencil or crayon which the ink sticks to when the surface is rinsed after inking (also called Planographic)

Lithography

51

Created from an image placed on silk that is stretched on a frame (also called silkscreen or screen printing)

Serigraphy