Unit 2: Native Americans, European Americans, and Natural Resources Flashcards Preview

Intro to Culture and Resource Management (ESPM 50AC) > Unit 2: Native Americans, European Americans, and Natural Resources > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 2: Native Americans, European Americans, and Natural Resources Deck (51):
1

Northeastern Woodland Indian social organization: subsistence mode of production

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2

Corn, bean, squash horticulture

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3

Traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) and American Indian ideas about nature

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4

Corn Mother myth

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5

English colonist social organization: mixed subsistence and market-oriented mode of production

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6

Colonial ideas about nature and wilderness

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7

George Henry Boughton's Pilgrims Going to Church (1867)

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8

Thomas Cole's The Oxbow (1834)

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9

The Agrarian Myth

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10

Beavers: biological characteristics, keystone species

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11

Abenaki tribe

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12

Iroquois tribe

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13

Huron tribe

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14

Fox tribe

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15

Sauk tribe

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16

The Fur Trade and Native Societies: social and cultural dislocation

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17

The Fur Trade and Native Societies: ecological change

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18

The Fur Trade and Native Societies: dependency

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19

The Ecological Indian: myth, narrative, and implications

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20

Native American burning practices

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21

Anderson's argument: American Indian resource management and harmony with nature

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22

Krech's argument: American Indian's as ecologists and conservationists?

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23

The Backwoodsman

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24

The Yeoman Farmer

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25

Manifest Destiny

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26

Thomas Gast's American Progress (1870)

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27

Fredrick Jackson Turner's "frontier process" (1893)

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28

New Western History: place and process

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29

New Western History: conquest and colonization

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30

New Western History: property and race

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31

6 Stages of Social Construction of Native Peoples

1. Noble savage (colonial era - 1840s)
2. Brutal savage (1820s-80s)
3. Conquered peoples (1880s)
4. Dependent Indian (1900s)
5. Ecological Indian (1960s)
6. Independent Indian (1960s)

32

Albert Bierstadt's Indian Canoe (1868)

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33

Charles Bird King's Young Omahaw, War Eagle, Little Missouri and Pawnees (1822)

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34

Theodore Kaufman's Westward the star of Empire makes its Way (1867)

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35

Henry Farny's Morning of a New Day (1907)

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36

Anton Gag's Attack on New Ulm during the Sioux Outbreak, 1862 (1904)

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37

6 Stages of Federal Indian Policy

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38

Johnson v. Macintosh: Doctrine of Discovery

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39

Indian Removal Act

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40

General Allotment (Dawes) Act

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41

Indian Reorganization Act (Indian New Deal)

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42

Termination

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43

Self-determination

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44

Federal relationship with tribes: guardianship theory

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45

Federal relationship with tribes: trust doctrine

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46

Federal relationship with tribes: wardship

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47

Federal relationship with tribes: tribal sovereignty

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48

Forest ecology: succession

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49

Forest ecology: spatial and temporal diversity

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50

Yurok forest management practices

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51

Traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) practices and integration into in contemporary natural resource management

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