Unit 2b - Enzymes + Genetics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2b - Enzymes + Genetics Deck (10)
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0

In which three places in the body is amylase produced?

Mouth, pancreas and small intestine

1

How do animals use the energy released by aerobic respiration?

To build up larger molecules from smaller ones and allow muscles to contract

2

Why does the stomach produce hydrochloric acid?

Right pH for protease enzyme to work

3

Where is bile produced, stored and use?

Liver, gall bladder, small intestine

4

What is the equation for aerobic and anaerobic respiration?

Glucose + oxygen ---> carbon dioxide water and energy
Glucose ---> energy + lactic acid

5

Two enzymes used in biological washing powders?

Protease and lipase

6

Advantages of using enzymes in industry?

Lower temperatures and pressures needed saves money
After buying them they can be continually used

7

Disadvantages of using enzymes in industry?

Allergies to the enzymes can develop
The conditions have to be tightly controlled so the enzymes don't denature

8

Where is DNA found?

In the nucleus of animal and plant cells in long molecules called chromosomes

9

What is a gene?

A section of DNA