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Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (15):
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Began in Italy, a 'rebirth' of classical knowledge, ideas of art and literature.

Renaissance

1

Voyager, launched seven expeditions for the Ming dynasty, collecting tribute for permission to trade with China.

Zheng He

2

Movement of people, plants, animals, diseases, and ideas between the Americas and Europe.

Columbian exchange

3

Movement for religious reform, leading to the founding of Christian churches that rejected the Pope's authority (Protestantism)

Reformation

4

Captured Africans were transported across the Atlantic under horrific conditions then sold, and forced to work in the Americans in mines and plantations.

Atlantic slave trade

5

A conflict between the English parliament and Charles I, which established the supremacy of parliament over the monarchy.

English civil war

6

A non-violent monotheistic religion developed in India, whose beliefs blend elements of Hinduism and Islam.

Sikhism

7

A system of government that emerged in England in which the monarch is made to share power with an elected parliament and constitutions limit the power of the monarch.

Limited monarchy

8

An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more good that they bought.

Mercantilism

9

A king or queen who has unlimited power and seeks to control all aspects of society. This monarch claims to rule by divine right and do so without any checks and balances.

Absolute monarchy

10

In 1688, a bloodless revolt that overthrew the king of England and signed into law the English Bill of Rights, granting their subjects certain rights.

Glorious revolution

11

Economic system that includes private ownership and investment in businesses for profit. Also known as free market or free enterprise.

Capitalism

12

Gained control of existing land and sea trade routes between India and Asia, changed Constantinople to present day Istanbul

Ottoman Empire

13

Concerned with worldly (non religious) rather than spiritual matters.

Secular

14

Johannes Gutenberg invented a machine with movable type on 1450 in Germany which later helped spread the ideas of the reformation.

Printing press