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Flashcards in Unit 3 Outcome One Deck (14)
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1

Physical Health

Relates to the efficient functioning of the body and its systems, and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness.

2

Social Health

Relates to being able to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way.

3

Mental Health

Refers to a state of wellbeing in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.

4

Burden of Disease

A measure of the impact of diseases and injuries, specifically it measures the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age free of disease and disability. Burden of disease is measured in a unit called the DALY

5

Health Adjusted Life Expectancy (HALE)

A measure of burden of disease based on life expectancy at birth, but including an adjustment for time spent in poor health. It is the number of years in full health that a person can expect to live, based on current rates of ill health in a population.

6

Disability Adjusted Life Years

A measure of burden of disease, one DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury.

7

Life Expectancy

An indication of how long a person can expect to live, it is the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rates do not change.

8

Under 5 Mortality Rate

The rate of deaths occurring in children under 5 years of age per 1000 live births.

9

Mortality

Relates to death. The concept of mortality is often used in relation to death in a population or group.

10

Morbidity

Refers to ill-health in an individual and the levels of ill-health in a population or group.

11

Incidence

The number or rates of new cases of a particular conditions during a specific time.

12

Prevalence

The number or proportion of cases of a particular disease condition present in a population at a given time.

13

Health Promotion

The process of enabling people to increase control over, and improve, their health.

14

Sustainability

Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.