Unit 5 - Gases and Atmospheric Chemistry Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 5 - Gases and Atmospheric Chemistry Deck (11):
0

conjugate base and conjugate acid

conjugate base is formed by removing a proton (H+) from an acid; a conjugate acid is formed by adding a proton (H+) to as base

1

conjugate acid-base pair

an acid-base pair that differs by one proton (H+)

2

Boyle's Law

When the temperature and amount of gas remain constant, the volume and pressure are inversely proportional; P1V1 = P2V2

3

Charles' Law

When pressure and amount of gas remain constant, volume and temperature are directly proportional; V1/T1 = V2/T2

4

Guy Lussac's Law

AKA Pressure and Temperature Law; when volume and amount of gas are constant, pressure and temperature are directly proportional;
P1/T1 = P2/T2

5

molar volume

the volume that is occupied by one mole of a substance (gas?) at a given temperature and pressure

6

Combined Gas Law

All gas laws are merged together; (P1V1)/T1 = (P2V2)/T2

7

The Ideal Gas Law

The product of pressure and volume of a gas is directly proportional to the amount and the kelvin temperature of the gas; pv = nRT

8

Avogadro's theory

Equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of molecules

9

partial pressure

the pressure that a gas in a mixture would exert if it was the only gas present in the same volume and temperature

10

Dalton's law of partial pressures

The total pressure of a mixture of (non-reactive) gases is equal to the sum of all partial pressures;
Ptotal = P1 + P2 + P3...