Unit 8 Flashcards Preview

Vocabulary Workshop A > Unit 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 8 Deck (20):
1

affluence

(n.) wealth,riches,prosperity;great abundance,plenty
Synonyms: opulence
Antonyms: poverty, want, destitution,scarcity

2

arrears

(n.,pl,) unpaid or overdue debts; an unfinished duty
Synonyms: in default,in the red,late, overdue

3

cascade

(n.) a steep,narrow waterfall; something falling or rushing forth in quantity;(v.) to flow downward (like a waterfall)
Synonyms: (v.) plunge,rush ,tumble
Antonyms:(n.) drip,drop; (v.) trickle,ooze

4

cringe

(v.) to shrink back or hide in fear of submissiveness
Synonyms: flinch,duck, cower,fawn
Antonyms: strut,swagger

5

crotchety

(adj). cranky, ill-tempered
Synonyms: grumpy, grouchy, crabby, disagreeable
Antonyms: sociable, friendly, agreeable

6

format

(n) the size, shape, or arrangement of someting
Synonyms: layout, design

7

immobile

(adj) not moving, not movable
Synonyms: fixed, stationary, unmoving, rooted
Antonyms: movable, portable, nimble, agile

8

impassable

(adj) blocked so that nothing can go through
Synonyms: closed, impenetrable
Antonyms: unblocked, clear, open, fit for travel

9

innovation

(n) something new; a change; the act of introducing a new method, idea, device, etc.
Synonyms: novelty, modernization, new wrinkle

10

jovial

(adj) good-humored, in high spirits, merry, happy
Synonyms: jolly, cheerful, festive
Antonyms: gloomy, morose, melacholy, cheerless, sad

11

manacle

(n -- usually plural) a handcuff, anything that chains or confines
(v) to chain or restrain,as with handcuffs
Synonyms: (v) to put in chains
Antonyms: (v) unchain, set free

12

martial

(adj) warlike, fond of fighting, relating to war, the army, or military life
Synonyms: military
Antonyms: peace-loving, unwarlike

13

minimum

(n) the smallest possible amount
(adj) the lowest permissible or possible
Synonyms: (adj) least
Antonyms: (n) maximum; (adj) highest, most

14

nimble

(adj) quick and skillfull in movement, agile, clever
Synonyms: lively, flexible
Antonyms: awkward, clumsy

Jack be NIMBLE, Jack be quick, Jack jump over the candlestick

15

onset

(n) the beginning, start (especially of something violent or destructive; an attack
Synonyms: outset, commencement
Antonyms: conclusion, end, close

16

partition

(n) something that divides, like a wall; the act of dividing something into parts or sections
(v) to divide or subdivide into parts or shares
Synonyms: (n) divider, separation
Antonyms: (v) join, combine, merge

17

perishable

(adj) likely to spoil or decay
Synonyms: short-lived, fleeting
Antonyms: long-lasting, durable, permanent

18

retrieve

(v) to find and bring back
Synonyms: recover, fetch

Golden RETRIEVERS like to fetch balls

19

sinister

(adj) appearing evil or dangerous; threatening evil or harm
Synonyms: frightening
Antonyms: cheering, encouraging, reassuring

20

taut

(adj) tightly drawn, tense, neat, in good order
Synonyms: tight, strained
Antonyms: loose, drooping