Flashcards in Unit One Vocab Deck (32)
What is recognizable, identifiable to us.
The meaning of the piece
Subcategories of representational or figurative art
Naturalism (depiction of realistic objects in a natural setting), realism (depiction of something that resembles its actual appearance in the world), troupe l’oeil (or illusionism - work that fools into thinking it’s something else)
Depicts a particular individual account of standards of beauty in place at a time.
Uses conventions set in place during the period the work was created in.
Art that rejects representational images; doesn’t depict specific real objects. Still captures the essence of a moment, time, and space.
Methodologies of Art
Formalism, formal elements, principles of design.
Sees art as an end in itself, independent of context, function.
Line/plane, shape, space, light/dark, color.
Principles of Design
- Repetition/rhythm (s/t visually appealing that repeated)
- Balance (symmetry/asymmetry)
- Proportion (parts have a proper relationship)
- Scale (size)
(French, meaning rebirth) period in history w/major rediscovery of the great minds, a revival of the knowledge of Greco-Roman civilization. Renaissance artists created a believable picture of humanity and the world for the first time.
15th cent. Early Renaissance.
16th cent. High Renaissance.
Altar piece, painted or sculpted.
Lower part of an altar piece, scene underneath the main scene.
Plaster, applied to panel paintings.
Paint mixture of pigment, water, and eggs. Dries quickly.
Painting painted directly on plaster wet (buon) or dry (secco).
First layer of wet plaster in fresco.
Rough draft sketch of a finished fresco done in red paint.
Thin layer of smooth plaster applied in patches and painted wet.
“A day’s work.”
A distortion of a body or object, shown as closer or with less depth to play with perspective.
Portrait of the patron incorporated in the scene.
Bacterial infection that hit Europe mid trecentro and killed 25 million. Art afterwards was more somber.
Flowering of art that began in 1400s w/ Philip the Bold and Jean, Duc de Berry. Art was luxurious and removed from the suffering of the time.
The Limbourg Brothers
Herman, Paul, Johan. Dutch miniature painters. ‘Trés Riches Heures du Duc de Berry.’
City state in the early 1400s that was a major world center for trade and humanistic culture.
Eastern part of the Roman Empire from 4th to 6 CE.