Unit One Vocab Flashcards Preview

Art History 102: Renaissance To The Present > Unit One Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit One Vocab Deck (32)
Loading flashcards...
1

Subject matter

What is recognizable, identifiable to us.

2

Content

The meaning of the piece

3

Subcategories of representational or figurative art

Naturalism (depiction of realistic objects in a natural setting), realism (depiction of something that resembles its actual appearance in the world), troupe l’oeil (or illusionism - work that fools into thinking it’s something else)

4

Idealized

Depicts a particular individual account of standards of beauty in place at a time.

5

Stylized

Uses conventions set in place during the period the work was created in.

6

Abstract Art

Art that rejects representational images; doesn’t depict specific real objects. Still captures the essence of a moment, time, and space.

7

Methodologies of Art

Formalism, formal elements, principles of design.

8

Formalism

Sees art as an end in itself, independent of context, function.

9

Formal elements

Line/plane, shape, space, light/dark, color.

10

Principles of Design

- Repetition/rhythm (s/t visually appealing that repeated)
- Balance (symmetry/asymmetry)
- Proportion (parts have a proper relationship)
- Scale (size)

11

The Renaissance

(French, meaning rebirth) period in history w/major rediscovery of the great minds, a revival of the knowledge of Greco-Roman civilization. Renaissance artists created a believable picture of humanity and the world for the first time.

12

Trécento

14th cent.

13

Quattrocento

15th cent. Early Renaissance.

14

Cinquecento

16th cent. High Renaissance.

15

Panel Painting

Altar piece, painted or sculpted.

16

Predella

Lower part of an altar piece, scene underneath the main scene.

17

Gesso

Plaster, applied to panel paintings.

18

Tempera

Paint mixture of pigment, water, and eggs. Dries quickly.

19

Fresco

Painting painted directly on plaster wet (buon) or dry (secco).

20

Arriccio

First layer of wet plaster in fresco.

21

Sinopia

Rough draft sketch of a finished fresco done in red paint.

22

Intonaco

Thin layer of smooth plaster applied in patches and painted wet.

23

Giornata

“A day’s work.”

24

Foreshortening

A distortion of a body or object, shown as closer or with less depth to play with perspective.

25

Donor Portrait

Portrait of the patron incorporated in the scene.

26

Oblique

Slanting.

27

Bubonic Plague

Bacterial infection that hit Europe mid trecentro and killed 25 million. Art afterwards was more somber.

28

Internationally Gothic

Flowering of art that began in 1400s w/ Philip the Bold and Jean, Duc de Berry. Art was luxurious and removed from the suffering of the time.

29

The Limbourg Brothers

Herman, Paul, Johan. Dutch miniature painters. ‘Trés Riches Heures du Duc de Berry.’

30

Florence

City state in the early 1400s that was a major world center for trade and humanistic culture.

31

Byzantine

Eastern part of the Roman Empire from 4th to 6 CE.

32

Apocrypha

Biblical writings not part of the accepted canon of the scripture.