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Flashcards in Unit_003 Deck (12):
1

One of the most important facts to keep in mind from the very beginning is the fact that the same words are often used as different parts of speech. Adjectives are commonly used as nouns, and nouns are commonly used as adjectives. A word might be a preposition in one sentence, and an adverb in another sentence. The only way to tell the part of speech of a word is to study its function in a particular sentence.

English Grammar Rule #13

2

A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. A sentence must have both a subject and a predicate.

English Grammar Rule #14

3

The subject of a sentence is the part that tells what the speaker or writer is talking about.

English Grammar Rule #15

4

The predicate of a sentence is the part that makes a statement about the subject.

English Grammar Rule #16

5

The simple subject names the person, place, or thing that is talked about. It is usually a noun or a pronoun.

English Grammar Rule #17

6

The simple predicate is the verb or verb phrase in the sentence.

English Grammar Rule #18

7

The complete subject is the simple subject with all its modifiers.

English Grammar Rule #19

8

The complete predicate is the verb or verb phrase with its modifiers and any other words used to complete the predicate.

English Grammar Rule #20

9

A compound subject consists of two or more simple subjects.

English Grammar Rule #21

10

A compound predicate consists of two or more simple predicates.

English Grammar Rule #22

11

A diagram is a pictorial representation which shows certain grammatical relationships in a sentence.

English Grammar Rule #23

12

A fragmentary sentence is a group of words that lacks one or both of the essential parts of a sentence, but is punctuated as if it were a complete sentence.

English Grammar Rule #24