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An adjective is a word used to modify a noun or a pronoun. A modifier limits or qualifies the meaning of another word. Adjectives limit or describe nouns or pronoun.

English Grammar Rule #77


There are two main classes of adjectives—limiting adjectives and descriptive adjectives. Descriptive adjectives give color and vividness to the words which they modify. Limiting Adjectives indicate number or quantity.

English Grammar Rule #78


Adjectives derived from proper nouns are called proper adjectives. A proper adjective is usually written with a capital letter.

English Grammar Rule #79


Adjectives that complete the meaning of linking verbs and modify the subject are called predicate adjectives.

English Grammar Rule #80


Nouns and pronouns are frequently used as adjectives. A noun or a pronoun in the possessive case is often used before another noun which it modifies. Nouns and pronouns used in this way are called possessive adjectives because they show possession.

English Grammar Rule #81


an adjective is usually placed before the word it modifies. It may also follow the word it modifies. An adjective is also found in the predicate following a linking verb although it modifies the subject.

English Grammar Rule #82


The form of an adjective is often changed to show the degree or extent to which a certain quality is present. This change in form to show a change in degree is called comparison.

English Grammar Rule #83


There are three degrees of comparison: the positive degree, the comparative degree,and the superlative degree.

English Grammar Rule #84


The positive degree is the simple form of a the adjective. No comparison is indicated when the positive degree is used. The positive degree of the adjective small is the word small.

English Grammar Rule #85


The comparative degree is used when a comparison is made between two persons or things. The comparative degree shows that a quality exists to a greater or to a lesser degree in one of the two persons or things which are compared.

English Grammar Rule #87


The superlative degree is used when more than two persons or things are compared. The superlative degree indicates that the quality is possessed to the greatest or to the least degree by one of the persons or things included in the comparison.

English Grammar Rule #88


The comparative degree of almost all adjectives of one syllable is formed by adding er to the form of the positive degree. The comparative degree of the adjective small is smaller. The superlative degree of adjectives of one syllable is usually formed by adding est to the form of the positive degree. The superlative degree of the adjective small is smallest.

English Grammar Rule #89


Adjectives of two or more syllables are usually compared by prefixing more or most to the simple form of the adjective (positive degree). More is used to indicate a comparison between two persons or things. Most is used to indicate a comparison between more than two persons or things.

English Grammar Rule #90