Flashcards in Upper Extremity Clinical Correlation - Hoxie Deck (16)
What does it mean to dislocate?
Go completely out of anatomic alignment
What does it mean to reduce?
Go back to anatomic alignment
What does it mean to subluxate?
Go partially out of anatomic alignment
What are the two types of glenohumeral disloations and which is the most common?
Anterior and Posterior Dislocation
Anterior is much more common
-electrocution, seizure, or intoxication
What is the best x-ray to view a shoulder dislocation?
What tendonpathy is known as tennis elbow?
Lateral epicondyle pain
Tendon disease of extensor tendon origin (ECRB)
What tendonpathy is known as golfer's elbow?
Medial epicondyle pain
Tendon disease of flexor-pronator origin
What is nursemaid's elbow?
Dislocation of the radial head only, usually a low-energy pulling energy
Not as bad in kids than adults
The intrinsic muscles of the hand are responsible for:
Metacarpal phalangeal joint flexion,
Proximal interphalangeal joint extension,
Distal interphalangeal joint extension
What is a very important principle to remember when dealing with articular surface injuries?
The surfaces must be made perfectly straight in order to heal correctly
-if not, expect arthritis and joint pain to continue
What muscles of the rotator cuff are responsible for:
Internal Rotation =
External Rotation =
Elevation = supraspinatus and deltoid
Internal Rotation = subscapularis
External Rotation = infraspinatus and teres minor
a midshaft fracture of the humerus could easily cause which nerve injury?
radial nerve injury
a distal fracture of the humerus could cause what injury?
median or ulnar nerve injury
What nerve does carpel tunnel syndrome affect?
What are the general symptoms?
-swelling of flexor tendon synovium
-loss of thenar strength
An injury at the elbow to the posterior interosseus nerve would show what symptoms?
lack of thumb or finger extension
no change in sensation