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Geography Year 10 > Urban Features > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urban Features Deck (26):
1

Bristol population

2017 - 454,000
expected growth by 2039 - 23%

2

Violent crime in Bristol

Stoke Bishop - 24
Filwood - 325

3

% of households in Bristol with no vehicle

Stoke Bishop - 12 %
Filwood - 36%

4

Average life expectancy in Bristol

Stoke Bishop - 82.5
Filwood - 77.2

5

Bristol Transport challenges

Traffic has increased over 3 times national average
23% of journeys are spent stationary
costs local economy £350m per year
Air pollution causes 200 deaths a year

6

Migration in Bristol

78% are white British
most common languages after English are Polish and Somali
Brings benefits - diversity of culture, food, experiences, skilled and unskilled workers
Brings disadvantages - pressure on health and educations services and housing supply

7

Bristols importance of infrastructure

International airport
Seaports - Avonmouth and Portbury
M4 and M5 motorways
Direct train to London
"Super-connected" city with 80mbps broadband

8

Bristols importance of economy

Tech-hub with local and international companies such as Huawei of China
Center for Aviation industry with Rolls Royce and Airbus
Bristh place of Wallace & Gromit in Aardman Animations

9

Bristols social importance

University of Bristol & UWE
4th most prosperous UK city

10

Housing challenges in Bristol

Rent prices rose 18% in 2014-15
Housing benefit is capped at £649 while cheapest 2 bed home is £785 for rent
872 homeless families in 2015 had to be emergency rehoused by the council costing g £4.4m

11

Ways of life in Bristol

Culture - Colston Hall (international Opera and pop/rock stars), Bristol Old Vic
Recreation & Leisure - Football rivalry of Bristol City & Bristol Rovers, Glocester Cricket Club, Parka (the downs, Weston Birt)
Shopping/consumption - 3 major shopping areas, Cribbs, Cabbot & Harbourside offer modern and varied shopping

12

Sustainable solution for Bristol

Transport Master Plan -
Electric vehicles programme with 40 charging points
smartphone app for public transport
"Poo Bus"
"Metrobus"

13

Lagos population

2017 - 21 million
population growth rate - 20%

14

Lagos challenges

Squatter settlements - 60% of the city lives in slums like Makoko
waste - only 40% of rubbish is officially collected
Health - Cholera (poor sanitation) Malaria (in Lagoon)
Traffic - roads are always congested, 15 minutes night drive could take 4 hours during rush hour
informal jobs - 60% live in the informal economy

15

migration in Lagos

Not a lot only 0.7% foreign
countryside to urban migration is rapid

16

Lagos importance

Infrastructure - international airport and seaport that handles 80% of imports and 70% of exports
Economy - Home to Eko Atlantic, the new "Dubai" of Africa, home to Nollywood (the film industry worth $600m a year)

17

Lagos - Super-rich

Banana Island
-Mansions
-luxury cars
-parties and shopping

18

Lagos - Middle class

Dolphin Estate
-flats
-electricity + air-con
satellite TV
-work in the formal economy

19

Lagos - Slum Dwellers

Makoko
-shacks on stilts in the lagoon
-no flushing toilets
-work in the informal economy

20

Sustainable solution for Lagos

Interrogated Transport Network
links all public transport together -more effective
a bus rapid transport (BRT) system with separate bus lanes carries 200,000 people a day
7 new train lines connected to the bus stations, airport, and ferry ports have been built

21

Mega-city

An urban area of more than 10 million

22

Urban sprawl

The physical growth of a city outwards

23

World cities

A city with influence over the whole world centers for trade and business. They are hubs of cultures, science, and media

24

How has the distribution of the worlds largest cities changed over time

Shift East - 1950-->2015
Europe-->Asia

25

Equation for natural increase

(birthrate -Deathrate)
------------------------------
10

26

Causes of urbanisation in LIDCs

Push factor-
Lack of employment other than farming
overpopulation (high birthrate)

Pull factors-
more reliable food sources
higher quality of life (food, comfort)