Flashcards in Urban land use and layout in MEDC cities Deck (3)
Name the 5 Zones of an MEDC.
Zone 1: Central Business District; contains the major shops, offices and entertainment facilities.
Zone 2: Inner city area (twilight zone). This is an area of old housing and light manufacturing industry. This area dates back to the Industrial revolution when it filled with coal-fired factories and tenement housing blocks.
Zone 3: Low class residential. This is an area of poor quality housing, although the conditions are better than in Zone 2.
Zone 4: Medium class residential. This is an area of housing which was built between the wars. It is mainly semidetached housing and council estates.
Zone 5: High class residential (commuter zone). This is an area of expensive housing on the outskirts of the city. It also stretches in to the countryside beyond the city.
Zone 6: Rural urban fringe. This is an area where houses are uncommon and fields in the countryside are very popular. Towns are sometimes apparent in these rural areas.
What is the Hoyt Model?
The Hoyt model (below) has land use concentrated in wedges or sectors radiating out from the city centre. For example, factories may be concentrated along a river, canal or road to form a zone of industry. This would attract low-class housing, but repel high-class residential land use.