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Z.D. Pathophysiology > Values > Flashcards

Flashcards in Values Deck (69)
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1
Q

HDL

A

> 1.0 mmol/l in men

> 1.3 mmol/l in women

2
Q

LDL

A

< 3.4 mmol/l

3
Q

Total triglycerides

A

< 1.7 mmol/l

4
Q

“Random Blood Glucose”

regardless of fasting/non-fasting state, not as important as fasting but good to know

A

> 11 mmol/l- diabetic
5.5-11 mmol/l- must check fasting glucose
< 5.5 mmol/l- patient is not diabetic

5
Q

Fasting Glucose

A

< 5 mmol/l- not diabetic
5-6mmol/l- regular checkups recommended
6-7 mmol/l- oGTT needed
> 7 mmol/l- diabetic

6
Q

OGTT 2-hr value

A

< 7.8 mmol/l- impaired fasting glucose (IFG)
>7.8 mmol/l- impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)
>11 mmol/l- diabetes

(RememberOGTT was done because of fasting glucose btwn 6-7 mM)

7
Q

Total bilirubin

A

< 20 umol/l

8
Q

Direct bilirubin

A

< 3.4 umol/l

9
Q

ALAT / GPT and ASAT / GOT

A

Both should be< 50 U/l

10
Q

Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)

A

< 120 U/l

11
Q
Prothrombin Time (PT)
(INR = international normalized ratio)
A

0.85 - 1.2

12
Q

Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH)

A

27-34 pg

13
Q

Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC)

A

315-360 g/l

14
Q

Serum Ca++ (total, not free)

A

2.2-2.6 mmol/l

free is about half that

15
Q

Alpha-amylase

A

28-100 U/l

16
Q

TSH

not on list but should know according to Tunde

A

0.4 - 4.0 mU/l

17
Q

Iron (male + female)

A

Male: 13-32 umol/l
Female: 11-32 umol/l
(Note this ismicromolar!)

18
Q

TIBC total iron binding capacity (female + male)

A

Female: 45-70 umol/l
Male: 50-80 umol/l

19
Q

Platelet count

A

150-400 G/l

20
Q

Differential blood count

A
Neutrophil, segmented -50-70%
Neutrophil, band -0-5%
Neutrophil, metamyelocyte -0-1%
Lymphocyte -20-40%
Monocyte -2-6%
Eosinophil -0-5%
Basophil -0-1%

*Remember- Never Let Monkey Eat Banana

21
Q

Bleeding time

A

4-6 min

22
Q

aPTT activated partial thromboplastin time

A

28-40 s

23
Q

Thrombin time

A

15-22 s

24
Q

Fibrinogen concentration

A

1.5-4.0 g/l

Remember- it’s an acute phase protein

25
Q

A/G - albumin/globulin quotient

A

1.25 - 2.5

26
Q

Alpha-amylase

A

28-100 U/l

27
Q

CK (creatine kinase)

A

< 200 U/l

28
Q

GGT (gamma glutamyl transpeptidase)

A

< 55 U/l

29
Q

LDH (lactate dehydrogenase)

A

< 170 U/l

30
Q

pH

A

7.35-7.45

31
Q

pCO2

A

35-48 mmHg

32
Q

Standard bicarbonate (stHCO3)

A

21-28 mmol/l

33
Q

Base Excess (BE)

A

0 +/- 3 mmol/l

34
Q

pO2

A

83-108 mmHg

35
Q

O2 saturation

A

95-98%

36
Q

PR interval (AV conduction time)

A

0.12-0.2 sec

37
Q

QRS width / time

A
  1. 06 - 0.1 sec (1.5-2.5 mm)

* Normal is less than 0.12 sec

38
Q

Pathological Q wave width and amplitude

A

Width≥ 0.04 s (1 mm), amplitude > 0.4 mV or > 25% R wave

39
Q

aHCO3-

A

24 mmol/l

40
Q

st. HCO3- (HCO3 at standardized pCO2 of 40 mmHg)

A

21-28 mmol/l

41
Q

Buffer Base (BB)

A

45-52 mmol/l

42
Q

Base Excess (BE)

A

0 +/- 3 mmol/l

  • positive value = base excess / acid deficit
  • negative = acid excess / base deficit
43
Q

Urine volume

A

1000 - 1500 ml/24 h

44
Q

Urine pH

A

5.0 - 8.0

45
Q

Specific gravity (density) of urine

A

1.001 - 1.030 kg/l

46
Q

Osmolar concentration of urine

A

600-1200 mosm/kg

47
Q

Total cholesterol

A

3.6 - 5.2 mmol/l

48
Q

Serum creatinine

A

40-130 umol/l

49
Q

CRP

A

< 8 mg/l

50
Q

ESR (Westergren)

A

<20 mm/h

51
Q

Urinary sediment (per high power field)

A

< 1-3 RBC

< 3-5 WBC

52
Q

Total serum protein

A

66-83 g/l

53
Q

Serum BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen)

A

3.5 - 7.0 mmol/l

54
Q

RBC count

A

Male: 4.5-5.9 T/l
Female: 4.0-5.2 T/l

55
Q
Urine protein (per day)
(normal, mild, moderate, severe levels normal + severe most important)
A

Normal: 50-150 mg/day

*mild - 300 - 1,000 mg/day
*moderate - 1-3 g/day
severe - > 3 g/day

seen in nephrotic syndrome, pre-eclampsia, multiple myeloma, AGN, diabetic GS

56
Q

Uric acid

A

150-400 umol/l

57
Q

A/G quotient(albumin:globulin ratio)

A

1.25 to 2.5

58
Q

Albumin

A

35-52 g/l

Decreases in acute inflammation

59
Q

WBC count

A

4-10 G/l

The G stands for 10^9

60
Q

MCV - mean corpuscular volume (RBC volume)

A

80-99 fl

61
Q

Sodium

A

135-146 mmol/l

62
Q

Potassium

A

3.5-5.1 mmol/l

63
Q

Chloride

A

95-105 mmol/l

64
Q

Hematocrit (Ht)

A

Male: 0.39 - 0.52 l/l
Female: 0.34 - 0.45 l/l

65
Q

hemoglobin (Hgb)

A

Male: 135-170 g/l
Female: 120-150 g/l

66
Q

Urinary sodium concentration

A

< or equal to 20 mEq/l

67
Q

Creatinine clearance (for 1.73 m2 body surface)

A

90–130 ml/min

68
Q

Lipase

A

< 67 U/l

69
Q

Phosphate

A

0.81 - 1.45 mmol/l