Verb paradigms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Verb paradigms Deck (44):
1

What is the 1sg Present Tense ending?

-e, as in (sagen, anworten):
sage (I say; I am saying)
antworte (I answer; I am answering)

2

What is the 2sg Present Tense ending?

-(e)st, as in (sagen, anworten):
sagst (you say; you are saying)
antwortest (you answer; you are answering)

3

What is the 3sg Present Tense ending?

-(e)t, as in (sagen, anworten):
sagt (he/she/it says; he/she/it is saying)
antwortet (he/she/it answers; he/she/it is answering)

4

What is the 1pl Present Tense ending?

-en, as in (sagen, anworten):
sagen (we say; we are saying)
antworten (we answer; we are answering)

5

What is the 2pl Present Tense ending?

-(e)t, as in (sagen, anworten):
sagt (you say; you are saying)
antwortet (you answer; you are answering)

6

What is the 3pl/2formal Present Tense ending?

-en, as in (sagen, anworten):
sagen (they/you say; they/you are saying)
antworten (they/you answer; they/you are answering)

7

What is the 1sg Weak Simple Past Tense ending?

-(e)te, as in (spielen, antworten):
spielte (I played; I was playing)
antwortete (I answered; I was answering)

8

What is the 2sg Weak Simple Past Tense ending?

-(e)test, as in (spielen, antworten):
spieltest (you played; you were playing)
antwortetest (you answered; you were answering)

9

What is the 3sg Weak Simple Past Tense ending?

-(e)te, as in (spielen, antworten):
spielte (he/she/it played; he/she/it was playing)
antwortete (he/she/it answered; he/she/it was answering)

10

What is the 1pl Weak Simple Past Tense ending?

-(e)ten, as in (spielen, antworten):
spielten (we played; we were playing)
antworteten (we answered; we were answering)

11

What is the 2pl Weak Simple Past Tense ending?

-(e)tet, as in (spielen, antworten):
spieltet (you played; you were playing)
antwortetet (you answered; you were answering)

12

What is the 3pl/2formal Weak Simple Past Tense ending?

-(e)ten, as in (spielen, antworten):
spielten (they/you played; they/you were playing)
antworteten (they/you answered; they/you were answering)

13

What is the 1sg Strong Simple Past Tense ending?

There is no ending, as in (kommen, heißen):
kam (I came; I was coming)
heiß (I called; I was calling)

14

What is the 2sg Strong Simple Past Tense ending?

-st, as in (kommen, heißen):
kamst (you came; you were coming)
heißt (you called; you were calling)

15

What is the 3sg Strong Simple Past Tense ending?

There is no ending, as in (kommen, heißen):
kam (he/she/it came; he/she/it was coming)
heiß (he/she/it called; he/she/it was calling)

16

What is the 1pl Weak Simple Past Tense ending?

-en, as in (kommen, heißen):
kamen (we came; we were coming)
heißen (we called; we were calling)

17

What is the 2pl Weak Simple Past Tense ending?

-t, as in (kommen, heißen):
kamt (you came; you were coming)
heißt (you called; you were calling)

18

What is the 3pl/2formal Strong Simple Past Tense ending?

-en, as in (kommen, heißen):
kamen (they/you came; they/you were coming)
heißen (they/you called; they/you were calling)

19

What happens to the verbal ending -st (2sg) when it follows a noun that ends in a sibilant (-s-, -ß-, -tz-, -z-)?

The 's' drops from the verbal ending: -st > -t

20

How is the present perfect constructed?

haben/sein (in present tense) + past participle

21

How is the past perfect constructed?

haben/sein (in past tense) + past participle

22

What types of German verbs always use haben as the auxiliary verb in the perfect tense?

Transitive verbs

23

What types of German verbs prefer sein as the auxiliary verb in the perfect tense?

Intransitive verbs, particularly when they indicate motion or state of being

24

For the perfect tense, most German verbs use which auxiliary verb?

haben

25

How is continuous action up to and including the present time (i.e., "have been + -ing") constructed?

seit + present tense

26

ge-[stem]-(e)t
What type of verb does this basic pattern reflect?

Past Participle

27

How do you construct the past participle for weak verbs whose infinitival forms end in -ieren?

Drop the -ieren ending from the stem, add -(e)t ending. There is no ge- prefixed to the stem.

28

How do you construct the past participle for weak verbs with inseparable prefixes?

Drop the -en ending from the stem, add -(e)t ending. There is no ge- prefixed to the stem.

29

How do you construct the past participle for weak verbs with separable prefixes?

Drop the -en ending from the stem, add -(e)t ending. Insert the -ge- between the separable prefix and the stem.

30

Past participle of strong verbs take what ending?

-en

31

For strong verbs, what stem types take the ge- prefix, and where is ge- placed in the respective stem types?

Common strong stem: ge-[stem]-en
Separable prefix stem: [prefix]-ge-[stem]-en

Stems with inseparable prefixes do not take ge-

32

How do you construct the future tense?

werden (present tense) + infinitive

33

How do you construct a modal future tense?

werden (present tense) + infinitive + modal (infinitive)

34

How do you construct the future perfect tense?

werden (present tense) + past participle + haben/sein (infinitive)

35

How do you construct the passive present?

werden (present tense) + past participle

36

How do you construct the passive simple past?

werden (past tense) + past participle

37

How do you construct the passive present perfect?

sein (present tense) + past participle + werden (past participle: worden)

38

How do you construct the passive past perfect?

sein (past tense) + past participle + werden (past participle: worden)

39

How do you construct the passive future?

werden (present tense) + past participle + werden (infinitive)

40

How do you construct the passive modal present?

modal (present tense) + past participle + werden (infinitive)

41

How do you construct the passive modal past?

modal (past tense) + past participle + werden (infinitive)

42

How do you construct the passive modal future?

werden (present) + past participle + werden (infinitive) + modal (infinitive)

43

How do you construct the present passive infinitive?

past participle + werden (infinitive)

44

How do you construct the present participle?

Add -d to the end of the infinitive