Verbos - Various Tenses Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Verbos - Various Tenses Deck (15):
1

Haber (conjugated for present perfect)

He
Has
Ha
Hamos
Han

2

Past Participle

When a verb is used as an adjective to describe something

Think: en/ed (broken/closed)

Auxiliary verb (Estar)
+ past participle (verb=adj "ado/ido")
------------------------------------------
La tienda está cerrada

3

Estar conjugated for Past Participle

Estoy
Estás
Está
Estamos
Están

4

Preterite

= Completed past actions
• Completed actions
• Sudden actions
• beginning or end of an action

5

Preterite Verb Endings for ar/er/ir

É/í
Aste/iste
Ó/ió
Ábamos/imos
Aban/ían

6

Irregular Preterite verbs

Ser: fui/fuiste/fue/fuimos/fueron

Ir: fui/fuiste/fue/fuimos/fueron

Dar: di/diste/dio/dimos/dieron

Hacer: hice/hiciste/hizo/hicimos/hicieron

7

Imperfect

= past w/out beginning or end
• actions in progress (ing)
• emotional/physical state of being
• description of person/things
• repeated/habitual action
• time
• age

8

Imperfect Verb Endings (ar/er/ir)

Aba/ía
Abas/ías
Aba/ía
Ábamos/íamos
Aban/ían

9

Irregular Imperfect Verbs

Ser: era/eras/era/éramos/eran

Ir: iba/ibas/iba/íbamos/iban

Ver: vi/viste/vio/vimos/vieron

10

Saber (preterite v imperfect)

Found out / Know

11

Conocer (preterite v. Imperfect)

Met / know

12

Tener (preterite v. Imperfect)

Received / had

13

Querer
"No" querer

Tried / wanted
Refused / didn't want

14

Poder (preterite v. Imperfect)
"No" poder

Managed or succeeded / was able to
Failed / wasn't able to

15

Present Perfect

To have done something

Auxillary verb (haber)
+ main verb (ado/ido)
-------------------------
Ha comido (i have eaten)