Verbs and Expressions Flashcards Preview

Chapter 5 (Span100) > Verbs and Expressions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Verbs and Expressions Deck (39):
1

To be happy

Alegrarse de

2

To hope

Esperar

3

To be sorry; to feel

Sentir (ie)

4

To surprise

Sorprender

5

To fear

Temer

6

To be afraid of

Tener miedo de

7

To tell (something to someone)

Decir (i)

8

To wish, want

Desear

9

To demand

Exigir (j)

10

To insist on

Insistir en

11

To order

Mandar

12

To need

Necesitar

13

To ask (someone to do something), request

Pedir (i)

14

To prefer

Preferir (ie)

15

To want

Querer (ie)

16

To request, beg

Rogar (ue)

17

To advise, counsel

Aconsejar

18

To please

Gustar

19

To permit

Permitir

20

To prohibit

Prohibir

21

To recommend

Recomendar (ie)

22

To doubt

Dudar

23

To deny

Negar (ie)

24

It’s a shame that

Es una lástima que

25

It’s surprising that

Es sorprendente que

26

It’s terrible that

Es terrible que

27

It’s important (necessary, preferable) that

Es importante (necesario, preferible) que

28

It’s okay for you to

Está bien que

29

It’s better for

Es mejor que

30

It’s possible (probable) that

Es posible (probable) que

31

It’s impossible

Es imposible

32

It’s true (certain, obvious, clear, obvious) that

Es verdad (cierto, obvio, claro, evidente) que

33

When is the Subjunctive used

Emotion (hope, surprise, happiness, sadness and so forth)
Will, preference, necessity
Approval, disapproval, or advice
Doubt, denial, or uncertainty
Any of the above in the negative or in a question

34

When is the indicative used

Expressions/ questions that imply truth or certainty

If any of these are used in the negative you need SUBJUNCTIVE

35

Perhaps (maybe)
Normally take what?

Tal vez
Quizá(s)
Acaso

Normally take the Subjunctive but may take indicative of writer wants to imply a degree of certainty

36

Are you sure this....?

Normally use what?

¿Estás seguro de que...?

Normally takes the indicative but may take Subjunctive if writer wants to imply doubt

37

Creer que and pensar que take what forms in affirmative and negative statements?

In affirmative statement: indicative
In negative statements: Subjunctive

38

Estar seguro(a) normally takes what?
What does it take with no infront?

Normally: indicative
No infront: Subjunctive

39

If the subject in both clauses is the same what tense do you use

Infinitive