Vertebral Column Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Lab > Vertebral Column > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vertebral Column Deck (97):
1

What are the 4 curvatures of the vertebral column

Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and pelvic

2

Which way does the cervical curvature bow?

Anterior

3

Which way does the thoracic curvature bow?

Posterior

4

Which way does the lumbar curvature bow?

Anterior

5

Which way does the pelvic curvature bow?

Posterior

6

What structures lie between vertebral disks?

Intervertebral disks

7

What are intervertebral disks?

Fibrocartilaginous pads

8

What is scoliosis?

Irregular Lateral curvature of the spine

9

What is kyphosis?

An exaggerated thoracic curvature. "Hunchback"

10

What is lordosis?

Exaggerated lumbar curvature. "Swayback"

11

Spinous process (cervical vertebrae)

Identify

12

Lamina (cervical vertebrae)

Identify

13

Vertebral foramen (cervical vertebrae)

Identify

14

Body (cervical vertebrae)

Identify

15

Transverse foramen (cervical vertebrae)

Identify

16

Transverse process (cervical vertebrae)

Identify

17

Superior articular surface (cervical vertebrae)

Identify

18

Inferior articular process (cervical vertebrae)

Identify

19

What is C1 referred to as?

Atlas

20

Anterior tubercle (C1)

Identify

21

Anterior arch (C1)

Identify

22

Superior articular facet (C1)

Identify

23

Transverse foramen (C1)

Identify

24

Posterior arch (C1)

Identify

25

Lateral masses (C1)

Identify

26

What is C2 referred to as?

Axis

27

Dens (odontoid process) (C2)

Identify

28

Superior articular facet (C2)

Identify

29

Transverse foramen (C2)

Identify

30

Transverse process (C2)

Identify

31

Inferior articular process (C2)

Identify

32

Lamina (C2)

Identify

33

Spinous process (C2)

Identify

34

Pedicle (C2)

Identify

35

Body (C2)

Identify

36

What 2 characteristics distinguish cervical vertebrae?

Transverse foramen andand a bifid spinous process

37

What characteristic distinguishes thoracic vertebrae?

1. Markings on the lateral posterior surface of the body, which are attachment points for ribs
2. Sharp spinous process which point sharply downward

38

Spinous process (thoracic vertebrae)

Identify

39

Lamina (thoracic vertebrae)

Identify

40

Transverse costal facet (thoracic vertebrae)

Identify

41

Superior articular facet (thoracic vertebrae)

Identify

42

Transverse process (thoracic vertebrae)

Identify

43

Superior costal facet (thoracic vertebrae)

Identify

44

Inferior costal facet (thoracic vertebrae)

Identify

45

Body (thoracic vertebrae)

Identify

46

Inferior articular facet (thoracic vertebrae)

Identify

47

What characteristics distinguish lumbar vertebrae?

1. Thick, stout body
2. Blunt spinous process which does not point downward

48

Spinous process (lumbar vertebrae)

Identify

49

Superior articular process (lumbar vertebae)

Identify

50

Transverse process (lumbar vertebrae)

Identify

51

Pedicle (lumbar vertebrae)

Identify

52

Lamina (lumbar vertebrae)

Identify

53

Superior articular process (lumbar vertebrae)

Identify

54

Body (lumbar vertebrae)

Identify

55

Inferior articular facet (lumbar vertebrae)

Identify

56

Vertebral foramen (lumbar vertebrae)

Identify

57

Ala (sacrum)

Identify

58

Transverse lines (sacrum)

Identify

59

Anterior sacral foramina (sacrum)

Identify

60

Superior articular process (sacrum)

Identify

61

Median sacral crest (sacrum)

Identify

62

Lateral sacral crest (sacrum)

Identify

63

Auricular surface (sacrum)

Identify

64

Posterior sacral foramina

Identify

65

Sacral canal (sacrum)

Identify

66

Sacral hiatus (sacrum)

Identify

67

Cornu (sacrum)

Identify

68

Transverse process (sacrum)

Identify

69

Coccyx

Identify

70

Why is sacrum wedge shaped?

In order to support the weight of the body

71

Head (rib)

Identify

72

Neck (rib)

Identify

73

Tubercle (rib)

Identify

74

Articular facet for transverse process (rib)

Identify

75

Superior articular facet for vertebral bodies (rib)

Identify

76

Inferior articular facet for vertebral bodies (rib)

Identify

77

Angle (rib)

Identify

78

Costal groove (rib)

Identify

79

Shaft (rib)

Identify

80

Sternal end (rib)

Identify

81

Manubrium

Identify

82

Body of sternum

Identify

83

Xiphoid process

Identify

84

Costal cartilage

Identify

85

Which ribs are true ribs?

Ribs 1-7

86

Which ribs are false ribs?

Ribs 8-12

87

Clavicular notch

Identify

88

Median suprasternal notch

Identify

89

Sternoclavicular joint

Identify

90

Acromioclavicular joint

Identify

91

Costal notches (sternum)

Identify

92

Hyoid bone

Identify

93

Styloid process

Identify

94

Stylohyoid muscle

Identify

95

Greater cornu (hyoid)

Identify

96

Lesser cornu (hyoid)

Identify

97

Body (hyoid)

Identify