VII - Genetic and Pediatric Diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in VII - Genetic and Pediatric Diseases Deck (184)
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181

How does parvovirus B19 infection cause fetal hydrops? (A) it causes a chronic myocarditis leading to heart failure (B) it infects the lymphatic ducts causing peripheral fluid accumulation (C) it causes placental villi atrophy, exposing the fetal circulation to maternal antibodies (D) it infects erythroid precursors, causing anemia

it infects erythroid precursors, causing anemia (TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 8th Ed p 262

182

A 4 month old infant with abdominal enlargement presents with multiple bluish-gray subcutaneous nodules. Workup showed a 10 cm mass in the paravertebral region. Biopsy of the nodules showed small round cells with dark nuclei scanty cytoplasm, some forming rosettes arranged in a finely fibrillar matrix. Immunohistochemical studies showed the cells to be positive for neuron specific enolase and negative for leucocyte common antigen. These tumor cells are derived from (A) antigen presenting cells in the dermis (B) neural crest (C) nephrogenic rests (D) lymphoid precursors

neural crest (TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 8th Ed pp 269-270

183

A 2 year old male is noticed to have a whitish pupil on photographs. Workup showed a tumor in the posterior chamber. The eye is enucleated, and the tumor shows sheets of small round cells with hyperchromatic nuclei and scant cytoplasm. Occasional clustering around central lumens are seen. On further history, a cousin also had a similar tumor and died. The patient has an increased risk of developing which tumour later in life: (A) hepatoblastoma (B) pheochromocytoma (C) osteosarcoma (D) Wilms tumour

osteosarcoma (TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 8th Ed p 271

184

A 4 year old female undergoes left nephrectomy for Wilms tumor. Which of the following findings in the nephrectomy specimen is associated with an increased risk of developing the same tumor in the right kidney? (A) nephrogenic rests (B) abortive tubules or glomeruli (C) extensive fibrosis (D) adipose tissue, cartilage, and osteoid

nephrogenic rests (TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 8th Ed p 272