Virgil Geographical and Historical References Flashcards Preview

IB Latin Literature Mythological, Historical and Geographical References > Virgil Geographical and Historical References > Flashcards

Flashcards in Virgil Geographical and Historical References Deck (58):
1

Alba Longa

The city which will be founded by Aeneas' son Ascanius
South East of modern Rome

2

Argos

Greek city which houses temple to Juno
In the Eastern Peloponnese

3

Carthage

Dido's new city she is building on the North coast of Africa
Modern day Tunisia

4

Hebrus

A Greek river in Thrace (Northern Greece)

5

Illyria

Area in the Balkans conquered by the Romans
North East of Greece, roughly where Croatia is today

6

Italy

The country Aeneas is journeying to, in which he will found a new city for the Trojans
East from Greece and Troy

7

Latium

The kingdom in Italy which Aeneas will eventually conquer
South East of modern day Rome

8

Lavinium

The name which Aeneas' city will have in Italy, named after his new wife Lavinia
South East of modern Rome

9

Liburnia

Homeland of the Liburnian people
Modern day Croatia

10

Libya

Country in North Africa in which Carthage is being built
Originally referred to the whole of North Africa

11

Mycenae

Menelaus' homeland
A city in the Eastern Peloponnese

12

Padua

Place where Antenor settled
Close to modern day Venice in North East Italy
Virgil's birthplace

13

Paphos

Venus' home in western Cyprus
An island in the Mediterranean east of Greece

14

Pergamum

Alternative name for Troy

15

Phoenicia

The region of the Middle East which covers modern Syria and Lebanon

16

Phrygia

Region of Turkey East of Troy

17

Phthia

Achilles' homeland
In a province of North Eastern Greece called Thessaly

18

Rome

City founded by Romulus
On the Western coast of Central Italy

19

Samos

City sacred to Juno
A Greek island in the Eastern Aegean Sea, separated from Turkey by the mile-wide Mycale Strait

20

Siculus

Sicilian (from Sicily)
Sicily is an island at the South West tip of Italy, North of Carthage

21

Sparta

A major Greek city famous for warriors
In the Southern Peloponnese

22

Thrace

A region of Greece covering modern day Greece, Southern Bulgaria and Western Turkey

23

Tiber

A river in Central Italy running through Rome

24

Timavus

A river in North Eastern Italy

25

Troy

The city which was destroyed during the Trojan War
In modern day Western Turkey
Where Aeneas used to live

26

Tyre

Dido's birthplace
On the Eastern coast of the Mediterranean in modern day Lebanon

27

Xanthus

A river outside Troy in modern day Western Turkey

28

Rutulians

A tribe resident in Latium who battle the Trojans upon their arrival

29

A Trojan Caesar

Although it is ambiguous at first whether Virgil is referring to Julius Caesar or Augustus Caesar, it becomes clearer with the reference to 'Eastern spoils' and closing the Gates of War

30

The Gates of War

Formed the entrance to the Temple of Janus in Rome
Were only closed during times of peace
Augustus closed them in 29BC, apparently for only the third time in Rome's history
However, he did continue to wage wars to conquer more of Europe, but he was more discreet about it

31

Agenor

An ancestor of Dido from Tyre

32

Byrsa

The land enclosed by the walls of the stronghold of Carthage
The name probably comes from the Akkadian word 'birtu', which was misunderstood as 'bursa' meaning bull's hide. This is where the story comes from about enclosing as much land as possible with a bull's hide cut up into very thin strips

33

Sidon

The founder of Tyre, Dido's homeland

34

Tempe

A valley in Northern Greece

35

Peneus

A river flowing through the Tempe valley

36

Thymbra

A town in the Troad (North West Turkey) where Apollo had a famous temple

37

Miletus

An ancient Greek city on the Western coast of Anatolia, famous for its beautiful fleeces

38

Phasis

A river in Colchis (on the Black Sea)

39

Lycus

A river in Asia Minor

40

Enipeus

A river in Thessaly (Norther Greece) which flowed into the river Peneus

41

Anio

A river near Rome

42

Hypanis

A river in Scythia (modern day Iran)

43

Caicus

A river in Mysia in Asia Minor

44

Eridanus

A river in Italy, the ancient name for the River Po

45

Maeonia

Another name for Lydia, modern day Turkey

46

Carpathian Sea

The sea around the island of Carpathos, between Crete and Rhodes

47

Emathia

The vague area around Thessaly and Macedonia

48

Pallene

A town in Macedonia
Proteus' homeland according to one myth

49

Rhodope

A mountain in Thrace

50

Pangaea

A mountain in Thrace

51

Getae

A Northern people associated with Thrace

52

Taenarum

The location of one of the fabled entrances to the underworld
In the extreme South of Greece

53

Avernus

The location of one of the fabled entrances to the underworld
Near Naples

54

Strymon

A river in Thrace

55

Tanais

A major river (now called the Don) to the north of Greece with its source in the Riphaei mountains

56

Ciconi

A people from Thrace known for their violence

57

Oeagrus

A king of Thrace, father of Orpheus

58

Teucrian

Trojan. Teucer was one of the first kings of Troy, not to be confused with Teucer, Greek archer and brother of Telamonian Ajax